pause

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pause

1. Prosody another word for caesura
2. Music a continuation of a note or rest beyond its normal length.

Pause

 

an interruption in the flow of speech. A distinction is made between logical pauses, which are determined entirely by syntax, and rhythmic pauses, which depend not on syntax but on a rhythmic impulse. Logical pauses are encountered in all kinds of speech, and rhythmic pauses only in versified speech.

In quantitative versification (for example, the choral lyrics of the Greeks), a pause may be a structural element of a line of verse: it has a definite length and replaces a certain number of syllables of the same length. In tonic versification (for example, Russian verse), where the length of syllables is not regulated, a pause may be merely an element of demarcation in a line of verse. It denotes various obligatory word divisions (for example, at the end of a line or a caesura)—that is, it is associated not with versification but with declamation. Nonetheless, some prosodists (G. A. Shengeli, A. P. Kviatkovskii, and S. V. Shervinskii) consider it feasible to regard the pause as a structural element even in tonic verse, chiefly in the dol’nik (a Russian poetic meter).

REFERENCES

Shengeli, G. Tekhnika stikha. Moscow, 1960.
Shervinskii, S. Khudozhestvennoe chtenie. Moscow, 1935.
Shervinskii, S. Ritm i smysl. Moscow, 1961.
Kviatkovskii, A. Poeticheskii slovar’. Moscow, 1976.

M. L. GASPAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
Time and again, bradycardia, sinus pauses, ventricular hypertrophy, minor ST-wave changes, and atrial and ventricular complexes have been shown to be normal variants in this population and nonspecific for coronary disease.
Arrhythmia: sinus pauses exceeding 2s, prolonged sinus bradycardia, slow atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia or ventricular tachycardia associated with symptoms which improved with appropriate therapy or, in the case of drug-induced bradyarrhythmia, with cessation of treatment [22].
Arrhythmia: Sinus pauses of greater than 2 s, prolonged sinus bradycardia, slow atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia, frequent ventricular ectopic beats or ventricular tachycardia associated with symptoms which improved with appropriate therapy or, in the case of drug-induced bradyarrhythmias, with cessation of treatment.