siphon

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siphon

(sī`fən, –fŏn), tube or other enclosed conduit through which a liquid is lifted over an elevation and then emptied at a lower level. The movement of the liquid is driven primarily by the force of gravity. A siphon is typically shaped like an inverted J or U; to operate, it must discharge at a level lower than that of the liquid's surface on the intake side. The siphon must be filled before it will operate; suction is sometimes used initially to draw a liquid into a empty siphon.

Siphon

 

a bent tube with legs of different lengths, through which a liquid flows from a vessel at a higher leveito a vessel at a lower level (see Figure 1). In order to start the operation, the siphon must first be filled with the liquid. The action of a siphon results from the fact that the pressure on the liquid volume filling the upper (hatched) section of the siphon applied from the direction of the upper reservoir, that is, from the left, is higher than that applied from the direction of the lower reservoir, that is, from the right. Thus, at the moment when the flow starts, the pressure on the left is equal to p0γh1 and the pressure on the right is equal to p0 - γh2, where γ is the specific weight of the liquid, p0 is the pressure on the free surface of the liquid, and h2 > h1. In this manner, when the liquid is flowing

Figure 1. Diagram of the operation of a siphon

through the siphon, a pressure is established in the upper section that is lower than p0. The greater the difference in the heights h2 - h1 and the greater the liquid’s energy loss in overcoming the resistance of the tube, the greater the pressure drop in the upper section. This circumstance limits the difference in the heights of the liquid and, consequently, the operation of the siphon; when the pressure in the flow is below a certain limit, the column of liquid is disrupted. When cold water at atmospheric pressure is being transferred by a siphon, the maximum difference in the heights is usually no more than 6 to 7 m.

siphon

[′sī·fən]
(botany)
A tubular element in various algae.
(engineering)
A tube, pipe, or hose through which a liquid can be moved from a higher to a lower level by atmospheric pressure forcing it up the shorter leg while the weight of the liquid in the longer leg causes continuous downward flow.
(geology)
A passage in a cave system that connects with a water trap.
(invertebrate zoology)
A tubular structure for intake or output of water in bivalves and other mollusks.
The sucking-type of proboscis in many arthropods.

siphon

, syphon
1. a tube placed with one end at a certain level in a vessel of liquid and the other end outside the vessel below this level, so that atmospheric pressure forces the liquid through the tube and out of the vessel
2. See soda siphon
3. Zoology any of various tubular organs in different aquatic animals, such as molluscs and elasmobranch fishes, through which a fluid, esp water, passes
References in periodicals archive ?
Siphonic won the Grade 2 Breeders' Futurity at Keeneland last autumn before finishing
Frankel and Gann went looking for another good 3-year-old, bought the lightly raced colt Medaglia d'Oro, and thumped Siphonic again in the $250,000 San Felipe Stakes at Santa Anita on Sunday afternoon.
When Siphonic worked out Wednesday, going half a mile in 47 seconds, trainer David Hofmans had him break from the starting gate, hoping the experience would help to prevent a recurrence of the incident in the Santa Catalina in which the soil gave way under the colt's hind feet.
Jerry Bailey: The nation's leading rider doesn't mind frequent trips west to team with Siphonic.
Siphonic, Repent and Johannesburg are the top horses listed on the morning line calculated by the Daily Racing Form's Mike Watchmaker for the so-called Kentucky Derby Future Wager.
Kentucky Derby hopeful Siphonic suffered his second consecutive defeat when third in the Grade 2 San Felipe Stakes over eight and a half furlongs at Santa Anita on Sunday .
Favored at 2-1 on the Sham morning line is Christopher Paasch-trained Cottonwood Cowboy, third behind Labamta Babe and Siphonic in the Santa Catalina.
Hills: 9-2 Johannesburg, 6 Repent, 7 Siphonic, 10 Came Home, 12 Saarland, 14 Booklet, Harlans Holiday, 16 Labamta Babe, Saratoga Blues, Tempera, 25 bar.
Siphonic wasn't injured when he nearly fell at the start before rallying for second place in the Santa Catalina Stakes on Saturday, and remains on target for the March 17 San Felipe, trainer David Hofmans said.
Repent, second to Johannesburg in the Breeders' Cup Juvenile, and 8-1 in the Kentucky Derby Future Wager book, won a Grade 3 race at Fair Grounds last Sunday, while Siphonic, third in the Juvenile, and also 8-1 for Churchill Downs, was runner-up in a Grade 2 race at Santa Anita last month.
Siphonic went into the starting gate Saturday afternoon as an overwhelming favorite in the Santa Catalina Stakes, Santa Anita's first important race for 3-year-olds in 2002, as well as the long-range favorite for the May 4 Derby and the Triple Crown.