ski jump


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ski jump

a high ramp overhanging a slope from which skiers compete to make the longest jump

Ski Jump

 

an artificial hill used for jumping by skiers. A ski jump consists of a scaffold, an approach, where the skier picks up speed (height, 20–80 m; length, 60–110 m; width, 3–4 m; angle of inclination, 27°–38°), a takeoff (width, 4–6 m; height, 1–4 m), a landing slope (width, 15–20 m), and an outrun. The total distance from the top of the scaffold to the outrun is usually 1½ times more than the distance of the average jump. Ski jumps are rated according to distance as 20-m and less, 20–50-m, 50–70-m, 70–90-m, and 120-m and more. Elevators or cableways are used to carry the athletes to the top of the scaffold. When there is no snow, synthetic cover is used on jumps of 50–70 m.

The largest ski jumps in the USSR are in Krasnoiarsk (more than 120 m); Nizhnii Tagil, Iuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Bakuriani (90 m); and Kirovsk, Sverdlovsk, and Bakuriani (70 m). The largest ski jumps outside the USSR are found in Planica (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), Obertsdorf (Federal Republic of Germany), and Kulm (Austria), all of which measure 120 m. Other major ski jumps are found in Zakopane (Poland), which measures 90 m, and Holmenkollen (Norway), which measures 70 m. Olympic ski jumps, measuring 70 m and 90 m, are located in Squaw Valley (USA), Innsbruck (Austria), Cortina d’Ampezzo (Italy), Grenoble (France), and Sapporo (Japan).

References in periodicals archive ?
The ski jumping gained notoriety through Britain's Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards but Flying Finn Matti Nykunen won all three ski jump golds.
83) This is the term for the landing slope of the ski jump.
We pretty much forgot about the ski jump after that for awhile.
We will make the point that despite instances of resistance, women's ski-jumping has barely progressed to McDonagh and Pappano's second stage of coercive sex-segregation (it was only in the late 1990s that women were allowed to compete in organized ski jump competitions) and that at the international/Olympic level, the sport seems to be stuck at the first stage.
It was the largest trestle ski jump, about 700 feet from top to bottom.
Initially in the care of Roger Charlton, Ski Jump won three of his first eight races, and went on to record his most recent victory over a mile and a half at York 11 months ago when getting the better of Sunday Symphony by a head in a driving finish - with the rest of the field at least five lengths in arrears.
Her architectural experiments certainly run the gamut: a ski jump on the Bergisel Mountain in Innsbruck; stage design for the Pet Shop Boys 1999 world tour; snow and ice "landscape formations" in Finland (realized in collaboration with Chinese artist Cai Guo-Qiang); a tilting glass showroom for Citroen on the Champs-Elysees; a proposal for New York City's 2012 Olympic Village.
Raised in Iraq, he had spent the past several years in college in Australia, where he started making dedicated, if unsophisticated, attempts to learn how to ski, skate, ski jump, and snowboard.
THIS DRAMATIC SKI jump in Innsbruck, Austria, described by The New York Times as "a swoosh in steel," is the work of Zaha Hadid, the winner of this year's Pritzker Architecture Prize.
Pahl + Weber-Pahl's new ski jump at Willingen in Germany's mountainous Hochsauerland region is a surprisingly elegant response to an inherently pragmatic programme compounded by a very tight construction schedule.
One of the country's two 90-meter ski jump towers is in Lake Placid, New York; the other is in Steamboat Springs, in northwest Colorado.