ski jump


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ski jump

a high ramp overhanging a slope from which skiers compete to make the longest jump

Ski Jump

 

an artificial hill used for jumping by skiers. A ski jump consists of a scaffold, an approach, where the skier picks up speed (height, 20–80 m; length, 60–110 m; width, 3–4 m; angle of inclination, 27°–38°), a takeoff (width, 4–6 m; height, 1–4 m), a landing slope (width, 15–20 m), and an outrun. The total distance from the top of the scaffold to the outrun is usually 1½ times more than the distance of the average jump. Ski jumps are rated according to distance as 20-m and less, 20–50-m, 50–70-m, 70–90-m, and 120-m and more. Elevators or cableways are used to carry the athletes to the top of the scaffold. When there is no snow, synthetic cover is used on jumps of 50–70 m.

The largest ski jumps in the USSR are in Krasnoiarsk (more than 120 m); Nizhnii Tagil, Iuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Bakuriani (90 m); and Kirovsk, Sverdlovsk, and Bakuriani (70 m). The largest ski jumps outside the USSR are found in Planica (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), Obertsdorf (Federal Republic of Germany), and Kulm (Austria), all of which measure 120 m. Other major ski jumps are found in Zakopane (Poland), which measures 90 m, and Holmenkollen (Norway), which measures 70 m. Olympic ski jumps, measuring 70 m and 90 m, are located in Squaw Valley (USA), Innsbruck (Austria), Cortina d’Ampezzo (Italy), Grenoble (France), and Sapporo (Japan).

References in periodicals archive ?
The downhill racer, who started his career at Aviemore and Edinburgh's Hillend dry ski slope, said: "A 40m jump is big but ski jumps are very controlled and, as long as you get to the end of the table in a reasonably balanced position and jump away, even if you lose your balance in the air, you've still got a very steep slope to catch you on the landing.
VANOC must take a myriad of small and large actions to ensure that the men can compete: construction of the ski jumps, transportation to Vancouver and to the competitions, provision of housing in Vancouver, provision of athletes' seats at the Opening Ceremonies, conducting medal ceremonies with medals, and so on.
We pretty much forgot about the ski jump after that for awhile.
We will make the point that despite instances of resistance, women's ski-jumping has barely progressed to McDonagh and Pappano's second stage of coercive sex-segregation (it was only in the late 1990s that women were allowed to compete in organized ski jump competitions) and that at the international/Olympic level, the sport seems to be stuck at the first stage.
It was the largest trestle ski jump, about 700 feet from top to bottom.
Initially in the care of Roger Charlton, Ski Jump won three of his first eight races, and went on to record his most recent victory over a mile and a half at York 11 months ago when getting the better of Sunday Symphony by a head in a driving finish - with the rest of the field at least five lengths in arrears.
Pahl + Weber-Pahl's new ski jump at Willingen in Germany's mountainous Hochsauerland region is a surprisingly elegant response to an inherently pragmatic programme compounded by a very tight construction schedule.
One of the country's two 90-meter ski jump towers is in Lake Placid, New York; the other is in Steamboat Springs, in northwest Colorado.
Richard Fahey's Ski Jump could be in line for a trip to Royal Ascot after running out a convincing winner of the marathon HSS Hire Stakes under Paul Hanagan.
Glynn Pedersen's Olympic experience ended at the Utah Olympic Park yesterday when he failed to qualify for the final of the K120 men's ski jump.
Contract notice: Purchase snow machines for the sport centre - olympic training center in zakopane - the supply of equipment to keep the ski jump
German Eric Frenzel had been chasing a second gold medal in Sochi and led after the opening ski jump stage of Tuesday's race, but his struggled with a virus in the run-up to the event seemed to have left him depleted in the cross-country skiing and he finished 10th.