ski jump

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ski jump

a high ramp overhanging a slope from which skiers compete to make the longest jump

Ski Jump

 

an artificial hill used for jumping by skiers. A ski jump consists of a scaffold, an approach, where the skier picks up speed (height, 20–80 m; length, 60–110 m; width, 3–4 m; angle of inclination, 27°–38°), a takeoff (width, 4–6 m; height, 1–4 m), a landing slope (width, 15–20 m), and an outrun. The total distance from the top of the scaffold to the outrun is usually 1½ times more than the distance of the average jump. Ski jumps are rated according to distance as 20-m and less, 20–50-m, 50–70-m, 70–90-m, and 120-m and more. Elevators or cableways are used to carry the athletes to the top of the scaffold. When there is no snow, synthetic cover is used on jumps of 50–70 m.

The largest ski jumps in the USSR are in Krasnoiarsk (more than 120 m); Nizhnii Tagil, Iuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Bakuriani (90 m); and Kirovsk, Sverdlovsk, and Bakuriani (70 m). The largest ski jumps outside the USSR are found in Planica (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), Obertsdorf (Federal Republic of Germany), and Kulm (Austria), all of which measure 120 m. Other major ski jumps are found in Zakopane (Poland), which measures 90 m, and Holmenkollen (Norway), which measures 70 m. Olympic ski jumps, measuring 70 m and 90 m, are located in Squaw Valley (USA), Innsbruck (Austria), Cortina d’Ampezzo (Italy), Grenoble (France), and Sapporo (Japan).

References in periodicals archive ?
Ski jumper Lindsey Van commented that although she is young enough to continue training for the next four years, finances may become a deterrent in her decision to continue her pursuit of Olympic gold,
Rather, the novelty of the state action problem in this case caused the ski jumpers the most trouble, and, formally, defeated their claim.
Ski jumper Beatrice Kirby is still remembered today for her outstanding performance by virtue of the Bea Kirby Trophy, awarded annually since 1993 to the best female Nordic jumper at the Steamboat Springs Winter Sports Club.
You watch ski jumpers take off on their ramp and say: Not in a thousand lifetimes.
Skeleton athlete Kazuhiro Koshi is at 41 the oldest athlete in the delegation while 16-year-old ski jumper Kenshiro Ito is the youngest member.
Silver Peak will be joined at the show on Wednesday, 17th October by Britain's first and only Olympic Ski Jumper, Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards, who visitors to the stand can compete against in the 2012 Silver Peak Ski Jump Challenge.
Others to be inducted in 2014 include the late Sarah Burke, a rising Freestyle Skiing star until her untimely death due to training injuries, ski jumper Horst Bulau and Canada's Olympic figure skating silver medallist Elizabeth Manley.
World champion ski jumper Sara Hendrickson also had ACL surgery but is hoping for an injury-free gold medal performance this month.
Eddie 'The Eagle' Edwards, British ski jumper who claims that when he was at his peak, women queued up to spend the night with "There are people out there without a sense of humour.
Britain's first and only Olympic ski jumper hosted an evening at the home and joined residents for a three-course supper before giving an after-dinner speech.
CHEEKY CHAP Mathew aged five - no ski jumper in sight yet ONE TO ENJOY Indie band Dodgy with Mathew Priest, centre