ski jump

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ski jump

a high ramp overhanging a slope from which skiers compete to make the longest jump

Ski Jump


an artificial hill used for jumping by skiers. A ski jump consists of a scaffold, an approach, where the skier picks up speed (height, 20–80 m; length, 60–110 m; width, 3–4 m; angle of inclination, 27°–38°), a takeoff (width, 4–6 m; height, 1–4 m), a landing slope (width, 15–20 m), and an outrun. The total distance from the top of the scaffold to the outrun is usually 1½ times more than the distance of the average jump. Ski jumps are rated according to distance as 20-m and less, 20–50-m, 50–70-m, 70–90-m, and 120-m and more. Elevators or cableways are used to carry the athletes to the top of the scaffold. When there is no snow, synthetic cover is used on jumps of 50–70 m.

The largest ski jumps in the USSR are in Krasnoiarsk (more than 120 m); Nizhnii Tagil, Iuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Bakuriani (90 m); and Kirovsk, Sverdlovsk, and Bakuriani (70 m). The largest ski jumps outside the USSR are found in Planica (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), Obertsdorf (Federal Republic of Germany), and Kulm (Austria), all of which measure 120 m. Other major ski jumps are found in Zakopane (Poland), which measures 90 m, and Holmenkollen (Norway), which measures 70 m. Olympic ski jumps, measuring 70 m and 90 m, are located in Squaw Valley (USA), Innsbruck (Austria), Cortina d’Ampezzo (Italy), Grenoble (France), and Sapporo (Japan).

References in periodicals archive ?
That qualified him, as the sole British applicant, for the 1988 Winter Olympics ski jumping competition.
Finally, he decided to step away from ski jumping and took up rotorcraft flying instead.
Ski jumping doesn't get the plaudits it deserves in this country - people only remember Eddie Edwards and that astroturf hill that they built on the outskirts of Milton Keynes never quite took off (if you'll pardon the pun).
The US National Ski Jumping Championship will be held October 1-2, 2011 and the ski club's annual tournament will be held January 2012.
The IOC twice rejected women's ski jumping prior to the 2010 Winter Games in Vancouver, saying the sport lacked enough elite competitors.
How old were you when you decided to try ski jumping and what prompted that decision?
Venues include 5 ice sports centers, 3 ski resorts and a ski jumping facility, a stadium and an Athletes' Village.
ACAPULCO, Mexico: The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has delayed until next year a decision on adding new events, including women s ski jumping, to the Winter Games.
The ski jumping gained notoriety through Britain's Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards but Flying Finn Matti Nykunen won all three ski jump golds.
VANOC (2)--the women's ski jumping case--presents a modification to this theme.