ski jump

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ski jump

a high ramp overhanging a slope from which skiers compete to make the longest jump

Ski Jump


an artificial hill used for jumping by skiers. A ski jump consists of a scaffold, an approach, where the skier picks up speed (height, 20–80 m; length, 60–110 m; width, 3–4 m; angle of inclination, 27°–38°), a takeoff (width, 4–6 m; height, 1–4 m), a landing slope (width, 15–20 m), and an outrun. The total distance from the top of the scaffold to the outrun is usually 1½ times more than the distance of the average jump. Ski jumps are rated according to distance as 20-m and less, 20–50-m, 50–70-m, 70–90-m, and 120-m and more. Elevators or cableways are used to carry the athletes to the top of the scaffold. When there is no snow, synthetic cover is used on jumps of 50–70 m.

The largest ski jumps in the USSR are in Krasnoiarsk (more than 120 m); Nizhnii Tagil, Iuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Bakuriani (90 m); and Kirovsk, Sverdlovsk, and Bakuriani (70 m). The largest ski jumps outside the USSR are found in Planica (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), Obertsdorf (Federal Republic of Germany), and Kulm (Austria), all of which measure 120 m. Other major ski jumps are found in Zakopane (Poland), which measures 90 m, and Holmenkollen (Norway), which measures 70 m. Olympic ski jumps, measuring 70 m and 90 m, are located in Squaw Valley (USA), Innsbruck (Austria), Cortina d’Ampezzo (Italy), Grenoble (France), and Sapporo (Japan).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Taraf daily reported on Friday that the five towers of the ski jumps -- three of which collapsed, while the remaining two sustained cracking so extensive that they were rendered useless -- were built using concrete that was not reinforced with iron.
83) This is the term for the landing slope of the ski jump.
The IOC says its 2006 decision not to include a women's ski jump event at the 2010 Winter Olympic and Paralympics Games in Vancouver/Whistler had nothing to do with gender discrimination.
We will make the point that despite instances of resistance, women's ski-jumping has barely progressed to McDonagh and Pappano's second stage of coercive sex-segregation (it was only in the late 1990s that women were allowed to compete in organized ski jump competitions) and that at the international/Olympic level, the sport seems to be stuck at the first stage.
The US Eastern Ski Jump Association held their men's championship meets on George Hill from 1927 through 1943, usually on President Washington's birthday in February, snow permitting.
It was the largest trestle ski jump, about 700 feet from top to bottom.
Leaping from Olympic-size ski jumps, Anders has soared as far as 134 meters (440 feet).
A recent parliamentary question asked whether the tenders for the construction of the winter games facilities -- including the ski jumps -- had caused financial losses for the state.
Ski jumps are almost as plentiful there as baseball diamonds are in America.
Smith, whoAaAeAeAEs been coaching at Norge for 30 years, traces the clubAa recent success to 2004, when it paid $1 for a 72-meter ski jump previously owned by the city of Ely, Minnesota.
Smith, whoEs been coaching at Norge for 30 years, traces the clubEs recent success to 2004, when it paid $1 for a 72-meter ski jump previously owned by the city of Ely, Minnesota.