Smalt


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Related to Smalt: Eburnean, Damask color

smalt

[smȯlt]
(materials)
A blue glass made by fusing silica and potash with cobalt oxides; used as a pigment for glass, ceramics, paints, and dyes.

Smalt

 

a translucent or opaque colored glass used in making mosaics. Translucent smalt is glass colored by refractory dye-stuffs, and opaque smalt is obtained by introducing into the glass substances that suppress transparency, such as tin dioxide, antimony oxide, and other materials. The glass is shaped into small cubes or plates by stamping or cleaving. Veined and spotted smalts are also made, with smalts of several hues joined in one piece by heat treatment, as well as gold and silver smalts, in which a foil is pressed between the base layer of glass and the surface layer.

Smalt, with a limited selection of hues, was used in antiquity as a supplement to stone in mosaics. A wealth of colors was later used in the Byzantine Empire, Rus’, and Italy. In the 17th to the 19th century, smalts were widely used in Europe in imitating oil paintings; for example, in Russia smalt mosaics were created by M. V. Lomonosov. In the 20th century the use of smalt mosaics is one of the leading techniques in monumental art. [23–1790–]

smalt

A deep blue pigment or coloring material; a vitreous substance made of cobalt, potash, and calcined quartz, fused and reduced to a powder.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is provided in 8 exterior colours, comprising four metallic shades - Smalt Blue, Caldera Black, Gallium Grey, Carlinite Grey, Tapenade Grey, Lipizzan White, Scarlet Red and Sunrise Red.
Drop meringue onto prepared sheet in 16 to 18 smalt mounds (about 1 inch diameter), spacing apart.
And their fantastic colors, such as "slight yellow and pale garnet," "orange and smalt blue," and "light rose tint and dusty red" (quotes from Admiral W.
At the same time, participants notes that the central role of smalt and mediumsized enterprises (SMEs) within the sector makes the application of universal and formalized social dialogue difficult to achieve.
5-acre spread, where two spare rooms (conveniently close to the dining room) come with skylights, a shared deck, and a smalt library lined with books on cooking and farming.
One exception that is local to me (you may know of others): Petfood Express, a relatively smalt chain of about 35 stores in Northern California.
Sacred Wind's recognition demonstrates to a national audience what we at NTCA have always known: Smalt rural communications providers play an essential role in the development of the communities they serve--and in the daily lives of their consumers," said NTCA CEO Michael E.
Others to be noted include patents relating to alum mines, (225) the Newcastle hostmen (226) and the making of smalt.
In George's watercolor The Jersey Devil, 1982, under the glare of a firestorm, a bat-winged goatish creature, his fur glistening, jet, purple, crocus, and smalt, gets ready to make a ginger buxom beauty in a purple halter top and green shorts reclining on a picnic blanket his Leda.
20] Colectivo de autores, Prirucka pro sklo uzitkovou keramika a smalt, editado por F.
A spokesman said; "Many caravan owners in our area adopt a responsible attitude their storage, but a minority cause considerable distress to neighbours by parking on smalt front gardens.