Solvolysis


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solvolysis

[säl′väl·ə·səs]
(chemistry)
A reaction in which a solvent reacts with the solute to form a new substance.

Solvolysis

 

a double-decomposition chemical reaction between a solute and solvent that proceeds according to an ionic mechanism. The reaction results in the formation of new compounds. Solvolysis may be reversible (in self-ionizing liquids) or irreversible. In certain solvents it is designated by special terms, for example, hydrolysis in water, alcoholysis in alcohols, and ammonolysis in ammonia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Liquefaction of wood in two successive steps: Solvolysis in ethylene-glycol and catalytic hydrotreatment.
Next, partial solvolysis of the PUR powder (particle size < 1 mm, PUR/E) with either TMP or TRIS was performed in the extruder at 180-200[degrees]C (PUR/TMP) and 160-180[degrees]C (PUR/TRIS) with the screw speed of 50 rpm [12], The composition and characterization of partially solvolyzed waste PUR foam are presented in Table 1.
Quantification of these atypical bile acids has previously relied on GC-MS analysis after solvolysis and enzymic hydrolysis of the conjugate groups and conversion of the resulting unconjugated 3[beta]-hydroxy-[[DELTA].
Mason and co-workers followed conductometrically the kinetics of 2-chloro-2-methylpropane solvolysis in aqueous ethanol under sonication employing bright Pt electrodes [14].
The title is changed from "Reinvestigating the kinetics of solvolysis of n-butyl chloride in ethanol and acetone" to "Reinvestigating the kinetics of solvolysis of t-butyl chloride in ethanol and acetone"
05), suggesting that all samples were affected similarly by Solvolysis.
The electrolytic nature of the complexes indicates the liaisons Mo-Cl is not rigide and the complexes do undergo solvolysis in DMS0 [21].
Effect of ultrasound on the solvolysis of 2-chloro-2methylpropane in aqueous alcoholic solvents.
Most of the chemical decontamination methods use either oxidation or solvolysis or a combination of these.
Rezzoug SA, Capart R (1996) Solvolysis and hydrotreatment of wood to provide fuel.
Formation, solvolysis, and transcarbamoylation reactions of bis(S-glutathionyl) adducts of 2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanatotoluene.