Soredium

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Related to soredia: mycobiont, Isidia

soredium

[sȯ′rē·dē·əm]
(botany)
A structure comprising algal cells wrapped in the hyphal tissue of lichens, as in certain Lecanorales; when separated from the thallus, it grows into a new thallus.

Soredium

 

an organ of vegetative reproduction in many lichens. Soredia resemble tiny dust balls and consist of one or more algal cells interwoven with fungal hyphae. They are formed in the gonidial layer of the lichen, where the algal cells are concentrated. They fall through a rent in the cortical layer in the form of dust and are distributed by the wind. Upon falling on a suitable substrate, the soredia develop into a new thallus.

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A characteristic species with squamulose and persistent, rounded primary thallus, short and regular podetia, partially or totally covered with farinose soredia.
Tips of lobes inflated and hood-shaped, ciliate; soredia under the lobes Physcia adscendens 2.
Thallus cushion-like, often forming extensive colonies; thallus thin, delicate, lobes narrow; rhizines absent or sparse, usually not visible from above; soredia formed at lobe tips, powdery Xanthomendoza fulva 1.
This member of the former Parmelia subtinctoria group is characterized by a uniformly brown, rhizinate lower surface with broad, rounded lobes producing marginal cilia and soredia.
physodes, with soredia under expanded, labriform lobe tips, from extreme western Nebraska, and we have numerous records of that taxon from recent collections.
subargentifera, which has laminal and marginal soredia and an upper cortex that is often pruinose with fine colorless hairs on the lobe tips.
A common species through the eastern United States and adjacent Canada, characterized by the abundant rhizines and coarse, isidioid, marginal soredia.
dimidiata produces rather broad lobes, an abundance of pruina on the surface, and marginal soredia.
37) mm Branching Irregularly branched, frequently twisted Soralia distribution Scattered throughout the thallus Soralia morphology Great morphological diversity Soredia 50-80 urn Apothecia Not seen Anatomy Variation throughout the thallus Chondroid strands embedded in the medulla not seen Chemistry Variolaric and usnic acids Habitat Sheltered acid rocks 1200-2000 (2500) m Character R.
Lobe tips of thallus with pale, cortical hairs; soredia marginal Phaeophyscia hirsute 3.
5 mm wide; medulla and soredia K-; soredia granular Physcia millegrana 3.
6 mm wide; rhizines absent or sparse, usually not visible from above; powdery soredia formed at lobe tips Xanthomendoza fulva 1.