1, 2010 had begun using the Argus Sour Crude
Index (ASCI) to price its crudes for the US market.
Before Tehran was banned from selling oil to Europe in 2012, it was delivering about 1 million bpd of high-sulphur sour crude
Algeria also imports about 50,000 b/d of sour crude
oils for some of its refineries (see down6AlgRef9Feb15).
According to GlobalData, the increase in heavy sour crude
oil volumes from Canada, arriving via the new pipeline connection to the Gulf Coast, will reduce imports of heavy sour crude
oil, primarily from Venezuela, Ecuador and Colombia, as well as the Middle East.
The work includes shutting down the refinery's 120,000 bpd sour crude
unit until October 4, along with work on other units such as the fluid catalytic cracker that will be completed by November 3, according to an IIR Energy report.
In the US Gulf Coast (USGC), the sale of sour crude
from the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) weighed temporarily on sour grades, while the inland sour crude
differential to WTI at Cushing widened significantly in the face of limited storage in Midland for rising crude output.
In 2001, nearly $850 million was invested in a delayed coker unit and hydrocracker to enable the plant to run heavy, sour crude
World refiners reject SA offers of Arab Heavy (AH) and Arab Medium (AM) sour crude
oils because they are difficult to turn into light products such as high-quality gasoline, low-sulphur gasoil/diesel and jet fuel.
Additionally, the company said that it will focus its expertise during the feasibility phase on deciding the optimum economic configuration to increase overall heavy crude processing capability and flexibility, for the refinery which processes light sweet crude at present, and aims to be flexible enough to process heavier sour crude
oils, in order to take advantage of fluctuations in the crude oil pricing market.
Canada-based Amgas Services, a leader in hydrogen sulfide (H2S) treatment, has announced the launch of its new Sour Crude
Oil Recovery (Scor) process in the Middle East.
Royal Dutch Shell, an oil and gas company, is decreasing production from Mars field, a major supplier of sour crude
from the Gulf of Mexico, Reuters has reported, citing a buyer of the crude.
Syria exported most of its 150,000 barrels per day (bpd) of heavy sour crude
to the Mediterranean before sanctions were imposed earlier this year following repression of civil protest against President Bashar al-Assad's 11-year rule.