Sour Orange


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Sour Orange

 

(Citrus aurantium), a perennial evergreen fruit plant of the genus Citrus of the family Rutaceae. The tree reaches 10 m in height, and the branches and shoots have thorns measuring up to 6 cm long. The leaves are elliptic. The large, white flowers are solitary or in inflorescences and have a strong fragrance. The round, red-orange fruit is 5–6 cm in diameter; the pulp, which is tart, juicy, and orange, contains a large number of seeds.

The sour orange is native to the Eastern Himalayas. It is widely cultivated in the Mediterranean countries and the Middle East. In the USSR the sour orange is raised on the Black Sea Coast of the Caucasus (from Gagra to Batumi) and in Azerbaijan. The fruits are inedible in fresh form but may be used in making juice. An essential oil (neroli oil) used by the perfume industry is extracted from the flowers. The sour orange is used as a stock for orange trees and other citrus crops. It requires the same care as all other citrus crops. In the USSR the fruits are harvested in October and November.

References in periodicals archive ?
Thirty-eight percent of lemon, lime, and sour orange trees were infested with 1 or more Diptilomiopus on the east coast compared to 27% of the same varieties on the west coast.
At 40 DAT, GP level of trifoliata orange, rough lemon, Carrizo citrange and Volkamer lemon were higher than that of control at 135 mM salt concentration except sour orange and Cleopatra mandarin (Fig.
The experiment was a 2x4 factorial randomized block design including four citrus genotypes (kumquat, red tangerine, sour orange and trifoliate orange) and two mycorrhizal inoculations (with or without D.
The Goofy bag has green apple, lemon lime, orange sherbet, pineapple pear smoothie, sour apple, sour orange and strawberry banana.
The use of this alternative explant improved in vitro organogenesis of sour orange and volkamer lemon (TAVANO et al.
a new and very different Margarita is made from tequila, triple sec, fresh lime juice, simple syrup, sour orange juice and then topped with an airy foam of salt and lime.
The trunks of the diminutive sour orange trees are literally painted (white, against the blistering sun) and if you stroll through the cul-de-sacs at eight in the evening, all you will hear is the liquid whir of hundreds of air conditioners.
You sit in a rocker, sipping tea or freshly ground coffee, and notice four milk cows with their calves, grazing meditatively, sniffing around for fallen fruit under the sour orange, mango and jugua trees which grace the surrounding pastures.
Quick-decline strains can rapidly kill trees on sour orange rootstock but do not affect trees on other types of rootstocks.
The Company currently markets its electrolyte strips under the Enlyten SportStrips[TM] in lemon-lime, orange and sour orange flavors.
In a warmer climate, I'd track down a 'Chinotto' sour orange tree, whose flavor is suspiciously like that of the top-secret Campari formula, and a dwarf pomegranate to make grenadine.
The genetic diversity and relationships between the rootstocks revealed the highest value in sour orange, while the lowest one in Cleopatra mandarin.