specialty

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specialty

Law a formal contract or obligation expressed in a deed

Specialty

 

the aggregate of knowledge and skills acquired by special training and experience and necessary for performing certain tasks within a profession. Examples of specialties are seen in the skills of civil engineers, production engineers, mechanical engineers, toolmakers, patternmakers, repair mechanics, internists, ophthalmologists, and stomatologists. Worker specialization is an aspect of the division of labor by professions. If the functions within a certain specialty encompass the full range of a worker’s activities, the specialty will correspond to a profession. Examples here are provided by drivers, gas welders, librarians, proofreaders, and jurists.

Within the system of higher education and specialized secondary education in the USSR, courses and programs designed to train specialists are also called specialties. Specialties are used to prepare students for careers, and programs and courses are built around specialties. In 1975 there were over 350 specialties offered in the higher educational institutions in the USSR. The 22 groups into which the specialties are combined are as follows: geology and prospecting for mineral deposits; mining; power engineering; metallurgy; machine building and instrumentation; automation, electronics, and the making of electric appliances; radio engineering and communications; chemical technology; forestry and the processing of wood, pulp, and paper; food processing; production of consumer goods; construction; geodesy and cartography; hydrology and meteorology; agriculture and forest management; transportation; economics; law; public health and physical culture; specialties offered at universities; specialties offered at cultural higher educational institutions and pedagogical institutes; and art. Specialized secondary schools offer approximately 500 specialties, which are somewhat narrower in scope than those of higher educational institutions but for the most part are grouped in the same way. In the system of vocational-technical education in the USSR, the term “specialty” is replaced by the idea of vocational skill. As of 1975, there were more than 1,100 such skills, combined in nine professional branches: machine building, shipbuilding, instrumentation, and associated industries; geological prospecting and coal, mining, petroleum, gas, metallurgical, chemical, and other industries; power engineering, electrical engineering, and radio electronics; construction, the building-materials industry, lumber industry, woodworking, and the production of paper and paper products; transportation and communications; light industry and printing; food processing, including the processing of meat and dairy products, the food service industry, and commerce; service industries ; and agriculture.

References in periodicals archive ?
Is there reason to think that it is harder to maintain currency in two specialties if they are in different disciplines than if they are in the same discipline?
So overload does not rule out the kind of solo interdisciplinary research that requires expertise in at least two specialties in different disciplines, if we consider only the case of the research worker who has some where and somehow already achieved expertise in the different specialties and consider only the problem of keeping up (task overload can arise anywhere).
The AICPA Council has already approved the minimum requirements for accrediting specialties.
The practical realities of implementing innumerable new accredited specialties create monumental barriers.
As markets for our Cellulose Specialties continue to grow, our focus remains on enhancing our competitive position through targeted capital investments and operational efficiencies that not only improve costs but further enhance the quality of these high value products," said Paul G.
Cytec Industries is a specialty chemicals and materials technology company with pro forma sales in 2004, including the Surface Specialties acquisition, of approximately $3.
The addition of the global Surface Specialties business, with 2003 revenues of $1.
UCB Group created Surface Specialties in 2003 by combining its existing chemicals and films divisions with the resins, additives and adhesives offerings obtained through its acquisition of the resins business of Solutia.
among the specialties most frequently cited as problematic;
These facilities focus on providing the highest quality of surgical healthcare in the specialties for which they are planned.