spermaceti


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spermaceti

(spûr`məsē`tē), solid waxy substance, white, odorless, and tasteless, separated from the oils obtained from the sperm whale (see sperm oilsperm oil,
liquid wax obtained from the sperm whale, or cachalot, and related marine mammals. It flows readily, is clear, and varies in color from pale yellow to brownish yellow. Chemically it is not a true oil.
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) and other marine mammals. A mixture of esters of fatty acids, it is composed chiefly of cetyl palmitate. Spermaceti is insoluble in water and does not putrefy. It is used mostly in ointments and cosmetics and in fine candles and was widely employed formerly as the waterproofing medium for oilskins.

Spermaceti

 

the waxy substance obtained by cooling the liquid animal wax contained in a large fibrous sac in the head of the sperm whale. Spermaceti, a complex ester of palmitic acid and cetyl alcohol, crystallizes in the form of white platelets. It is insoluble in water but dissolves readily in ether, acetone, and hot ethanol. It melts at 53°-54°C. The term “spermaceti” was originally used to refer to the sperm of the sperm whale. The substance serves as a sound conductor for the whale. During the 18th century spermaceti was used in the manufacture of candles; today it is used as a lubricant and as a base for the production of creams and ointments.

spermaceti

[‚spər·mə′sed·ē]
(materials)
A white, crystalline, oily (waxy) solid that separates from sperm oil; soluble in ether, chloroform, and carbon disulfide, insoluble in water; melts at 42 to 50°C; used in ointments, emulsions, candles, soaps, and cosmetics; and for linen finishing. Also known as spermaceti wax.

spermaceti

a white waxy substance obtained from oil from the head of the sperm whale: used in cosmetics, candles, ointments, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The data from Spermaceti Cove were then analyzed as a group, and those from Earle were separated by the presence or absence of a fence and then analyzed (Appendix 1).
Our modelling also indicates that the momentum of the spermaceti organ of a large mobile sperm whale could seriously injure a stationary opponent of similar size, despite the necessity for damping to protect the attacking whale.
Then again, there is an imposing quarto, written by one Captain Colnett, a Post Captain in the English navy, entitled "A Voyage round Cape Horn into the South Seas, for the purpose of extending the Spermaceti Whale Fisheries.
The chief doctor in the fleet made the decision (there was no alternative) to put his entire body into a bath full of spermaceti.
It is vegetal-based Spermaceti substitute, biodegradable and is useful as a substantive, water-resistant, emollient for lip balms and high SPF lotions and creams.
Sperm Whale: Because of its richness in oil and spermaceti, this was the most desired whale during the peak years of American commercial whaling.
Surfmen saved thousands of lives at stations up and down the coasts including Old Harbor, now part of Cape Cod National Seashore in Massachusetts; Sleeping Bear Point and South and North Manitou islands, all part of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore on Lake Michigan; Fort Point, now part of Golden Gate National Recreation Area in San Francisco; and Spermaceti Cove Life-Saving Station at Gateway National Recreation Area in Sandy Hook, New Jersey.
Table 4: Worldwide Market for Natural and Synthetic Waxes (2008E): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for North America, Asia (Including Japan), Europe, Latin America, and Rest of World (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-10 Characteristics and Properties II-10 Important Physico-Chemical Properties of Wax II-10 Product Categories II-11 Natural Waxes II-11 Animal and Insect Waxes II-11 Beeswax II-12 Beeswax-Product Highlights II-12 Application Areas II-12 Cosmetics II-12 Medicine II-13 Candles II-13 Metal Castings and Modeling II-13 Food Processing II-13 Textiles II-13 Printing II-14 Others II-14 Spermaceti II-14 Lanolin II-14 Others II-14 Shellac II-14 Chinese Insect Wax II-15 Vegetable Waxes II-15 Carnauba II-15 Carnauba Wax - Product Highlights II-15
He dealt in spermaceti candles, ships, rum, bottles, textiles, hats, shoes and slaves.
00 (Strahl & Pitsch) (ozokerite) Spermaceti Wax Substitute No.
Mary Starbuck's account book refers to spermaceti, a product obtained only from sperm whales, in connection with a voyage in 1729 (Little, 1988).
In thoughts of the visions of the night, I saw long rows of angels in paradise, each with his hands in a jar of spermaceti.