sports car

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.

sports car

a production car designed for speed, high acceleration, and manoeuvrability, having a low body and usually adequate seating for only two persons

Sports Car


a passenger car equipped for racing. According to the classification of the International Automobile Federation, sports cars are divided according to engine capacity into 15 classes; the maximum capacity is 6 liters, and the minimum weight of the car ranges from 450 to 800 kg, depending on the class. Sports cars are made with two and four seats and may have open or closed bodywork. They are equipped with explosion-proof fuel tanks, fire extinguishers, safety harnesses, and similar equipment. The brake system features separate lines to the front and rear brakes.

A distinction is made between road models of sports cars and special sports-racing cars. Road models are based on series-produced automobiles, and are designed for competition in rallies, hill climbs, and similar events. Compared to the production models on which they are based, they have more powerful engines (usually 30–40 percent more horsepower, sometimes up to 70–80 percent), improved handling, and greater stability. The lowered, lightened two-seat bodies of such sports cars are often called sports bodies.

Special sports-racing cars are manufactured using only a few parts and assemblies from series-produced vehicles, for example, the crankshaft, cylinder block, and cylinder head. Their engines are 2–2.5 times more powerful than series-produced engines of the same displacement because of such modifications as twin camshafts for each bank of cylinders and valves with larger diameters. Sports-racing cars are designed primarily for races on paved, circular tracks over long distances; racing cars usually compete over shorter distances.


Sabinin, A. A. Sportivnye igonochnye avtomobili. Moscow, 1962.


References in periodicals archive ?
It was actually the last Jaguar sports car to use the XK engine, but once again it had rewritten the sports car rule book with its stunning looks, its semi-monocoque construction and its astonishing performance-to-price ratio - something else Jaguar had made a speciality of.
After stopping production in August, Mazda will not produce rotary-engine sports cars until next spring.
With its 4-door freestyle door system, four-passenger comfort and Renesis rotary engine, Mazda RX-8 is the next big thing in sports cars.
While a manual transmission might be the traditional standard for a sports car, it doesn't have to be this way with the 370Z.
Production of the sports car only ended two years ago but Nissan executives acknowledge that the Z car had lost its way, with sales only a trickle of what they had once been.
The winner will be revealed at Classic and Sports Car - The London Show, held at Alexandra Palace from October 30 to November 1.
Luckily, those looking to purchase their sports car used have the advantage of a lower cost.
More than 300 of the world's rarest and most valuable classic cars will descend on one of London's most famous venues thanks to an all-new historic motoring event: Classic & Sports Car - The London Show.
Our next step will be an expansion of the model line-up with the sportiest Targa ever the 911 Targa 4 GTS and the thoroughbred mid-engine sports car Cayman GT4.
Mazda Motor Corporation (TYO: 7261), a Japan-based automaker, is planning to develop two new sports car to celebrate two major milestones in the company's history.
THE return of an MG sports car has made a list of petrol-heads' most desired vehicles - but experts are divided over whether it is the right route for the company.
Meanwhile, word on the street is that Chinese-owned MG is busy designing a sports car concept at its design studios in Shanghai.