sprain


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Related to sprain: Ankle sprain

sprain,

stretching or wrenching of the ligaments and tendons of a joint, often with rupture of the tissues but without dislocation. Sprains occur most commonly at the ankle, knee, or wrist joints, causing pain, swelling, and difficulty in moving the involved joint. Treatment consists of application of ice bags or cold compresses, elevation of the injured part, and strapping or bandaging to substitute for the support usually given by the ligaments. A severe ankle sprain may require a cast to immobilize the joint for healing. See first aidfirst aid,
immediate and temporary treatment of a victim of sudden illness or injury while awaiting the arrival of medical aid. Proper early measures may be instrumental in saving life and ensuring a better and more rapid recovery.
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Sprain

 

an injury of such soft tissues as muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves, caused by the impact of a force that stretches them but does not disrupt their anatomic integrity. Sprains occur when abrupt movements exceed a joint’s normal range of movement, as when a foot is twisted or when an athlete throws an object.

Sprains are most common in the ligaments of the ankle and knee joints. The sprain is not caused by stretching of the ligament, which is tissue with a very small reserve of elasticity. Rather, the cause is rupture of some of the ligament’s fibers and hemorrhage within the tissues. The degree of sprain varies from slight soreness lasting one to two days to severe sprain bordering on rupture of the ligament, with edema, hemorrhage, and soreness continuing for two to three weeks. In sprain, the joint’s movements are limited. Sprains of nerve trunks, which sometimes accompany dislocations of the joints, temporarily disrupt the nerve’s conductivity and consequently cause loss of motor and sensory functions. With all types and degrees of sprain, X rays are used to ascertain whether a bone has been fractured.

In the case of slight sprains, the area is bandaged tightly and the patient rests for one to three days. In severe cases, a plaster cast is used to immobilize the joint for three weeks. Subsequent treatment consists of physiotherapy and therapeutic exercise.

V. F. POZHARISKII

sprain

[sprān]
(medicine)
A wrenching of a joint, producing a stretching or laceration of the ligaments.

sprain

a sudden twisting or wrenching of the ligaments of a joint
References in periodicals archive ?
Intrinsic predictors of lateral ankle sprain in adolescent dancers: a prospective cohort study.
Prof Hubbard-Turner recruited 20 college students with chronic ankle instability - a condition caused by ankle sprains like mine - and 20 healthy students.
As to the female dancers, these data support the theory that going en pointe may predispose female ballet dancers to sustaining a lateral ankle sprain and possibly developing CAI.
A systematic review of 2 RCTs with 703 and 1057 patients concluded that completing a minimum of 6 weeks of balance and coordination training after an acute injury substantially reduced the risk of recurrent ankle sprains for as long as a year NNT=22; absolute risk reduction=4.
Several factors can increase your risk of ankle sprains, including improper footwear, says Susan Joy, MD, with Cleveland Clinic Sports Health.
19) Few studies, however, have described foot drop as a sequela of ankle inversion sprain.
Eight injuries were sprains, four were bruises and there were two fractures and a dislocation.
Later the sprain may heal, but these conditions can continue to be painful and may even require surgery if left unaddressed.
Among those with grade I sprains, it took less than half the time to return to normal walking with the combined treatment than with the individual modalities (4.
Individual characteristics (age, weight, and height), job, grade of sprain, number of involved ligaments, involved side, kind of sport, date of injury, and grade of pain were recorded with a questionnaire.
For grade III sprains, however, treatment with either the Air-Stirrup brace or casting for 10 days followed by the use of an elastic wrap appears to produce comparable outcomes, according to the investigators (Am.
A first-degree sprain is the mildest, only involving a ligament stretch.