squinch


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squinch,

in architecture, a piece of construction used for filling in the upper angles of a square room so as to form a proper base to receive an octagonal or spherical dome. It was the primitive solution of this problem, the perfected one being eventually provided by the pendentive. Squinches may be formed by masonry built out from the angle in corbeled courses, by filling the corner with a vise placed diagonally, or by building an arch or a number of corbeled arches diagonally across the corner. In Islamic architecture, especially in Persia, where it may have been invented, the squinch took the form of a succession of corbeled stalactites. It was also commonly used in the early churches of Europe and the East.

Squinch

Corbeling built at the upper corners of a structural bay to support a smaller dome or drum; a small arch across the corner of a square room which supports a superimposed octagonal structure above.

Squinch

 

in architecture, a vaulted structural component consisting of parts of a cone or half or quarter of a spherical cupola. Squinches are usually employed for the transition from a square substructure to a round or polygonal superstructure and to a cupola or its drum. They are sometimes also used to support angular cupolas and oriels. Squinches were widespread in the medieval architecture of Southwest and Central Asia, the Transcaucasus, and Europe; in Russia they were used primarily in the 17th century.

squinch

[skwinch]
(architecture)
A small arch across the interior corner of a structure to support a superimposed mass such as a dome or spire. Also known as squinch arch.

squinch

squinch, 2
1. Corbeling, often arcuate, built at the upper corners of a structural bay to support its tangent, smaller dome or drum.
2. A small arch across the corner of a square room which supports a superimposed mass; also called a sconce.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the middle panel of this squinch stands a lady with her head in profile, and with both her hands raised as if to convey something to the seated male figure in the panel before her (figures 3 and 4).
The senor did his very best to squinch himself into his 50% of the space, but with little success.
The asexually reproducing Squinch suffer from a heritable disease threatening the existence of their entire ruling family.
It's those little bits that sit down there in the air sacs and cause long-term damage like cancer and stuff, but it also irritates those teeny tiny airways and make them squinch (up), which is what happens in asthma, and you can't get the air in and out of the lungs," Hendrickson said.
Take it from her ear and hold it in front of her like a sword hilt and squinch her face.
9) Her enjambed lines, alliterative pauses, and internal rhyme or assonantal chimes project the sound incrementally and thereby imitate this energetic collective heaving up of Mary's carnality, which becomes a 'fireman's lift' of 'teams of angelic arms', a baroque collusion of paint, plaster, parapet and squinch, arch and architrave:
In the past, retailers have armed themselves with rulers, sticky-notes and a calculator to create a squinch report.
From the earliest rocking of my cradle, I had known about the capers Brer Rabbit is apt to cut and what the Squinch Owl says from the house top.
Only because he wanted, in the end, To curl on the meat-block, draw his knees up little, And squinch his eyes and know the expectant deliciousness Before the axe fell--