standards


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standards

Standards make up the most important issue in the computer field. As an unregulated industry, we have wound up with thousands of data formats and languages, but few standards that are universally used. This subject is as heated as politics and religion to vendors and industry planners. In order to truly understand this industry, it is essential to understand the categories for which standards are created.

No matter how much the industry talks about compatibility, new formats and languages appear routinely. The standards makers are always trying to cast a standard in concrete, while the innovators are trying to create a new one. Even when standards are created, they are violated as soon as one vendor adds a proprietary extension.

The Future


After 60 some years of computing, we have managed to create thousands of languages, formats and interfaces. While many become bona fide standards endorsed by recognized standards organizations such as ANSI and the IEEE, some of the most widely used are de facto standards. Intel and Microsoft products are the most obvious examples.

Although the Internet has helped immensely by creating global standards, we have already gone through several versions of software for rendering Web pages. Email demands new standards because 90% of it is spam.

As we forge ahead, there is a point where we can no longer cling to the old designs for compatibility. At that time, the new has to break from the past. The previous infrastructure only holds us back, no different than constructing a new building on top of a weak foundation. It seems to be the way of things. See standards bodies.


Standards Categories
These are the major categories of electronic systems that require standards. Developing information systems in today's environment often seems like the Tower of Babel.







See standards - character codes.

See standards - communications & networking.

See standards - DBMSs.

See standards - file management systems.

See standards - graphics systems.

See standards - hardware interfaces.

See standards - Internet.

See standards - machine languages.

See standards - multimedia documents.

See standards - operating systems.

See standards - programming languages.

See standards - storage media.

See standards bodies.
References in classic literature ?
I should advise him to command in person this little army, which would, believe me, increase, and to die, standard in hand, and sword in its sheath, saying, `Englishmen
Don Quixote, putting up his visor, advanced with an easy bearing and demeanour to the standard with the ass, and all the chief men of the army gathered round him to look at him, staring at him with the usual amazement that everybody felt on seeing him for the first time.
Of course I make more money with the Standard Oil Company and I'm only telling you," he added.
Rockefeller began as a member of the proletariat, and through thrift and cunning succeeded in developing the first perfect trust, namely that known as Standard Oil.
Rockefeller owns Standard Oil stock worth between four and five hundred millions at the market quotations.
The terms of sale were lowered by him to the standard fixed by Mr.
Over the past several years the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and other events have dramatically affected the setting of auditing standards and the focus of the audit process.
As he begins his second five-year term as Chairman of the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), Sir David Tweedie spoke about his first term and his expectations going forward.
If one were to ask members of the Department of Defense acquisition workforce whether or not military standards may be used in their programs, the responses might be surprising.
Publicly traded companies in the European Union are bracing for the implementation of the International Financial Reporting Standard--set to replace the various country-based accounting standards among the EU member states on Jan.
Discover why one physician executive thinks the new, 2004 JCAHO standards are a vast improvement over those of the past.

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