statute


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Wikipedia.
Related to statute: Statute of frauds

statute,

in law, a formal, written enactment by the authorized powers of a state. The term is usually not applied to a written constitutionconstitution,
fundamental principles of government in a nation, either implied in its laws, institutions, and customs, or embodied in one fundamental document or in several.
..... Click the link for more information.
 but is restricted to the enactments of a legislature. Statute law is to be distinguished chiefly from common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
..... Click the link for more information.
, which may be defined as the body of legal rules derived from judicial decisions and custom. On most of the European continent all (or nearly all) the law is statutory and each field is subsumed by a codecode,
in law, in its widest sense any body of legal rules expressed in fixed and authoritative written form. A statute thus may be termed a code. Codes contrast with customary law (including common law), which is susceptible of various nonbinding formulations, as in the legal
..... Click the link for more information.
. In England and the United States, however, common law retains great importance, but with the expansion of government regulation there has been an immense growth in the statute law of those countries. In order to guide the courts many important statutes contain (usually in a preamble) a statement of the abuses that the legislation is intended to cure or of the general legislative intent. Statutes are classified in various ways. Public statutes (e.g., those establishing crimes) are universal in application, while private statutes (e.g., one compensating a named person for injury) are limited. Public statutes may be local, i.e., affecting only part of the area over which the legislature has authority, or general. Statutes that explain or clarify previous enactments or rules of common law are sometimes called declaratory statutes.

Statute

 

(polozhenie), in Soviet law, a normative act that summarizes, codifies, and defines the structure, functions, and competence of a state agency or system of agencies, for example, the Statute on the Supreme Court of the USSR and the General Statute on Ministries of the USSR. Statutes also regulate operational procedures of state agencies and organizations in certain cases—for example, the Statute on the Conduct of Cash Transactions by State, Cooperative, and Public Enterprises, Organizations, and Institutions—as well as all organizational, property, and labor relations pertaining to a specific question, for example, the Statute on Discoveries, Inventions, and Rationalization Proposals.


Statute

 

(1) A provision or regulation that defines the procedures of an organization and the functions of individual national and international organizations, such as the statute of the International Court of Justice (1945).

(2)Regulations that set the legal provisions of such medieval institutions as craft guilds. Valuable historical sources, guild statutes (or charters) consisted of rules based on common law that regulated the activities of guilds.

(3)Any legal regulation, for example, a statute on orders, which defines the procedures for awarding a given order, as well as the order’s description.

(4)Certain legislative acts of Great Britain’s Parliament, such as the Statute of Westminster of 1931, and of the United States Congress.

statute

1. 
a. an enactment of a legislative body expressed in a formal document
b. this document
2. a permanent rule made by a body or institution for the government of its internal affairs
References in periodicals archive ?
10 or 20 years, regardless of when the statute of limitations would begin to run.
He added that these transactions include founding companies, licenses, company's contract amendment and its statute, general assembly formation, as well as meeting the requirements of all bodies concerned for founding a company, amending its statute, granting it the proper license to practice its activity, and expiration by dissolving and clearing.
Before courts reached the consensus that RICO was governed by the catchall five-year period, courts held that, where the racketeering activity under [section] 1961(1)(a) must be "chargeable under [s]tate law," the state statute of limitations should apply.
Step One: Determine Whether the Statute Is Procedural or Substantive
Prior to the statute, huge numbers of asbestos lawsuits were routinely filed by plaintiffs who were not sick, but had been advised of symptomless x-ray changes "consistent with" asbestos exposure, or who were sick, but had no medically genuine basis to claim that their illness was caused by asbestos.
Consider, for example, the following definitions from Michigan statutes for lobbying and influencing:
Thus, the plain meaning of the statute permits a trust to take a full deduction only for those costs that could not have been incurred by an individual property owner.
At its May 11, 2006, meeting, the MTC's Executive Committee directed its staff to consult with interested parties about possible amendments to the Model Statute.
Beyond that, the Statute defines program eligibility mostly in the negative.
The statute doesn't specify any penalty for its violation, and Melissa Merz, a press secretary for the attorney general, would not comment further.
Records Retention: Statutes and Regulations for the province of Ontario contains contents checklists, record indexes, statute indexes, and core modules.
The statute authorizing the formation of the committee provided legal immunity to members for their advice (4), and the members pledged that they would attend the committee meetings during a bioterrorist attack rather than report to their regular jobs.