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cutout device of oiled or shellacked tough and resistant paper, thin metal, or other material used in applying paint, dye, or ink to reproduce its design or lettering upon a surface. Designing an art stencil differs from ordinary drawing, since the design itself must be cut away, and ties must be arranged to hold the background together and to give definition to the pattern, somewhat in the manner of lines in mosaic or leaded glass. In a repeating border or design, registers are cut to coincide with some small detail or dot to enable the user to place the stencil accurately for each repetition. It is held securely upon the surface, while the stencil brush (with square-cut stiff bristles) is manipulated to work the medium over it (in a circular movement for fabrics) until every detail is evenly colored. The technique has been employed since ancient times for the decoration of walls and ceilings, pottery, furniture, textiles, leather, and small objects. It is also used in mimeographing, addressing, and lettering cases or cartons for shipping. The Chinese and Japanese employ a tough mulberry paper, making intricate stencils that are collected for their beauty. The silk-screen stencil, an innovation in silk-screen printingsilk-screen printing,
multiple printing technique, also known as serigraphy, involving the use of stencils to transfer the design. Paint is applied to a silk or nylon screen and penetrates areas of the screen not blocked by the stencil.
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, is used for posters, wallpapers and textiles. In handwork, silk fabric is stretched on a frame and then coated with glue or other impervious material; a stencil paste, rubbed on with a squeegee, passes through the uncoated portions. The method has been adapted by artists to make prints known as serigraphs.


See A. Bishop and C. Lord, The Art of Decorative Stenciling (rev. ed. 1985); L. LeGrice, The Art of Stenciling (1987).



a thin, flat rectangular plate in addressing machines used for the repeated printing of short addresses from texts of not more than 200 characters (for example, mailing lists and order forms).

Depending on the type of printing, distinctions are made between letterpress stencils made from metal or plastic and having punched-out letters, hectographic stencils made from art paper, and stencils made from a thin fabric coated with a waxlike substance. The last two types of stencils are held in plastic frames. There are projections or color indicators at the edges of stencils to enable rapid manual or automated retrieval. The application of a text on metal or plastic stencils is carried out by the stamping mechanism of the addressing machine. The text on a stencil for hectographic or stenciling addressing machines is typewritten.


Alferov, A. V., I. S. Reznik, and V. G. Shorin. Orgatekhnika. Moscow, 1973.



(graphic arts)
A template with either mechanically or hand cut openings.
A metal foil with openings made by chemically etching, laser cutting, or electroforming processes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Complete the floral design pillow by placing stencil onto pillow cover and stenciling design as shown with multiple colors.
However, they are doing so with a stencil thickness of 80pm and not the more common 100pm.
Fine-pitch printing results are directly tied to stencil aperture area ratio, a relationship between aperture area and stencil thickness.
My, and Photo Stencil's, association with IPC dates back to 1998 when I accepted the task of chairing the 5-21e Stencil Design Guidelines which resulted in the latest document 7525B for Stencil Design Guidelines.
This confirmed that the most comfortable position in which to produce stencils was at 45[degrees] to the left (of vertical) when producing a stencil of the right hand, and 45[degrees] to the right (of vertical) when producing a stencil of the left hand.
Be sure and tape the stencil well beyond its borders (I etched a barrel flat beyond the stencil and caused myself an emergency re-polish job.
Lay down your stencil and gently dab on paint using a sea sponge or a foam stencilling brush with a flat head.
When it gets too full, I regularly resell some stuff in The Stencil Library shop.
It placed 50 water stencils in 27 different locations within a 5-mile radius of the property in March.
In some PCB assembly camps, vision inspection and other major stencil printer features, as well as setup process techniques, are not used.
Decant a small quantity of stencil paint into a saucer.
STEP 2 Wearing gloves and working in a well-ventilated area, use spray mount to glue image to stencil board or card stock.