Stolon

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stolon

[′stō·lən]
(botany)
(invertebrate zoology)
An elongated projection of the body wall from which buds are formed giving rise to new zooids in Anthozoa, Hydrozoa, Bryozoa, and Ascidiacea.
(mycology)
A hypha produced above the surface and connecting a group of conidiophores.

Stolon

 

(1) In plants, a lateral shoot with long, slender inter-nodes and underdeveloped leaves that serves as a device for vegetative propagation. Unlike rhizomes, stolons have a short life-span, usually dying during their first year or after overwintering. Developing on stolonate tips are young rosetted shoots (in strawberries, saxifrages, houseleeks, cinquefoils), tubers (in potatoes), squamous tubercles (in starflowers), or bulbils (in certain species of tulips). Stolons may be above or below ground; in the latter case they are called runners.

(2) In animals, an outgrowth of the body of a colonial multicellular organism. Asexual reproduction is effected by budding of the stolons. Stolons are typical of certain coelenterates, Bryozoa, Pterobranchia, and tunicates. The buds of new individuals—the members of a colony—are formed on a stolon.

References in periodicals archive ?
The assessment was carried out based on the initial growth parameters to determine regrowth capacity of treated stoloniferous plants after sequential application of slashing and glyphosate.
Initially it forms a taproot, then it expands into a vegetatively spreading, stoloniferous subshrub, with an adventitious root system.
Adaptive variation in physiological traits underpinning stem elongation responses among nodally-rooting stoloniferous herbs.
Stoloniferous grasses had lower runoff and soil movement than pastures dominated by tussocky perennial grass, when compared at the same level of cover (Scanlan et al.
Its stoloniferous root system can penetrate deep sandy soils and its extraction required teams of men trench digging more than a metre into the soil to harvest the important root.
What have traditionally been referred to as the carnose and stoloniferous ctenostome bryozoans may not be natural groupings, and the organization of families within superfamily assemblages often depends on the interpretation given to a few zooidal characters.
The grass is stoloniferous and forms a turf of medium density.
Because it is stoloniferous, it can tolerate lower mowing heights than can Kentucky bluegrass (Christians, 2004).
TIPO: Mexico, Michoacan, Uruapan, prairie erct from a creeping, stoloniferous base, 15 Sep.
To conclude, Loch (2000a) considers, in 15% slope plots, that a level of 50% grass cover could be set as a target for stable rehabilitation, at least when stoloniferous grasses are a major component of the vegetation.