mantis shrimp

(redirected from stomatopod)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to stomatopod: Stomatopoda

mantis shrimp,

marine crustaceancrustacean
, primarily aquatic arthropod of the subphylum Crustacea. Most of the 44,000 crustacean species are marine, but there are many freshwater forms. The few groups that inhabit terrestrial areas have not been particularly successful in an evolutionary sense; most require
..... Click the link for more information.
 of the order Stomatopoda, characterized by a pair of enlarged appendages, called maxillipeds, that form powerful claws for seizing prey. The last two segments of each of these legs are strong and sharp, and the end segment is folded back over the next segment to make a scissorslike cut. Mantis shrimps have stalked eyes and flattened abdomens with appendages bearing gills. They are usually found in warm shallow tropical or subtropical seas. A number of species are quite large, reaching 1 ft (30 cm) or more in size. Mantis shrimps are an important seafood outside the Western Hemisphere. They are classified separately from either true shrimpsshrimp,
small marine decapod crustacean with 10 jointed legs on the thorax, well-developed swimmerets on the abdominal segments, and a body that is compressed laterally.
..... Click the link for more information.
 or praying mantises (see mantidmantid
or mantis,
name applied to the large, slender, slow-moving, winged insects of the family Mantidae in the order Mantodea. Predatory insects, mantids have strong, elongate, spiny front legs, used for grasping prey.
..... Click the link for more information.
), whose forelimbs the maxillipeds superficially resemble. Mantis shrimps are grouped in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Crustacea, class Malacostraca, order Stomatopoda.
References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers from Purdue University and Brookhaven National Laboratory were also coauthors on the paper titled "Ecologically Driven Ultrastructural and Hydrodynamic Designs in Stomatopod Cuticles.
For example, it was not detected in the only stomatopod that has been tested, Squilla empusa (Wilkens and Larimer, 1976).
Kisailus and Pablo Zavattieri, of Purdue University, one of the co-authors of Science paper, just received additional 590,000 dollars in funding from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research to continue work on the stomatopod.
Aspects of the ecology and behavior of the stomatopod Hemisquilla ensigera californiensis (Gonodactyloidea: Hemisquillidae).
Cronin, Marshall, and Caldwell have all come to the conclusion that many secrets of undersea sight may reside in stomatopod eyes.
Stomatopods famously rely on vision during foraging to recognize prey (Caldwell and Childress, 1990) and conspecifics (Vetter and Caldwell, 2015).
The stomatopod and decapod crustaceans collected during the GUAYTEC II Cruise in the Central Gulf of California, Mexico, with the description of a new species of Plesionika Bate (Caridea: Pandalidae).
These and other studies show that no animal, not even a tumbling stomatopod, moves as a wheel does.
The aim of the present review is to contribute to this goal, reporting the decapod and stomatopod species (including those of commercial interest) from these islands, as well as describing the environmental characteristics of each location.
Stomatopod antennule design: the asymmetry, sampling efficiency, and ontogeny of olfactory flicking.