stone curlew


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stone curlew:

see thick-kneethick-knee,
common name for terrestrial, Old World birds in the family Burhinidae. The name derives from the bird's thickened tarsal joints. Thick-knees are shy, solitary birds. They are rapid runners with long legs and partially webbed feet, which lack a hind toe.
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Stone Curlew

 

(Burhinus oedicnemus; in Russian, avdotka), a cranelike bird. It is sandy gray with black markings and a whitish breast; approximately 45 cm long. The curlew lives in Europe, Middle and South Asia, and North Africa; in the USSR it is found in Kaliningrad Oblast, the south European regions, Transcaucasia, Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia.

The stone curlew lives in deserts and steppes near water. The nocturnal bird feeds on insects, lizards, and small rodents. It lays two (rarely, three) yellowish eggs with dark speckles in a depression in the sand or on the ground; both parents sit on the eggs 26 days. It is a migratory bird.

REFERENCE

Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 3. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A. Gladkov. Moscow, 1951. Page 15.
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Two overground alternatives to the tunnel at Stonehenge would destroy nesting and roosting sites of the secretive stone curlew, claims the RSPB
Excessive catching of migrating birds, particularly stone curlew which is exposed to extinction, has a serious impact on the wild life, and introduces changes to birds' regular actions," Al Suwaidi said.
RSPB Cymru conservation manager, Tony Prater, said: "We have never had a Stone Curlew recorded in Wales in December.
More than a quarter of stone curlew chicks are raised on set-aside and far more skylarks nest on set-aside than on fields with crops.
Lady Young said the fall in the numbers of over 30 species, such as the stone curlew, fen ragwort, wart-biter cricket, natterjack toad and dormouse, had now been halted or reversed and the future looked much brighter.
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds said two overground alternatives to the tunnel at Stonehenge in Wiltshire, to be detailed in consultation documents today, would destroy nesting and roosting sites of the stone curlew.
The RSPB said numbers of breeding stone curlew in England - they are not found anywhere else in the UK - have risen to more than 300 pairs, hitting a national conservation target five years ahead of schedule.
There are now about 30,000 farmers in these schemes and populations of species such as the bittern, stone curlew and cirl bunting are all recovering through these schemes.
Management under Countryside Stewardship has been shown to benefit several previously declining bird species, including corn bunting and stone curlew.
Rare species such as marsh harriers, ravens, buzzards, storks and stone curlews had also shown increases, probably due to conservation efforts.
Results were compared with values from studies done in houbara bustards (Chlamydotis undulata), kori bustards (Ardeotis kori), stone curlews (Burhinus oedicnemus), and taxonomically related species, including ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus), red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa), Kashmir native fowl (Kashmirfavorella), and Bangladesh native, Fayoumi, and Assil fowl (Gallus domesticus).
however, would have benefited from having his translation of Birds vetted by an ornithologist, who would have removed the phantasmagorical blue thrush (979), and turned the moorhen (304), siskins (1079), and curlews (1141) into gallinule, chaffinches, and stone curlews.