stonework


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stonework,

term applied to various types of work—that of the lapidary who shapes, cuts, and polishes gemstones or engraves them for seals and ornaments; of the jeweler or artisan who mounts or encrusts them in gold, silver, or other metal; of the stonemason who executes the plan of architect or engineer for wall, pier, vault, bridge, or dam; of the carver who chisels bas-relief, intaglio, or freestanding figure, using a pointing machine for accuracy; and of the printer at his imposing stone. The term stonework is most frequently used to refer to the craft of masonry, as old as civilization and still widely used. Of Roman masonry buildings, some aqueducts, arches, basilicas, and baths still remain. Masonry is classified according to finish, rubble being of rough-quarried or field stone and ashlar of dressed stone. It may be laid without mortar (and is then called dry, or Cyclopean) or with mortar to bind the stones closely together, the outside finish of such joints being called pointing. Stonemasonry may be of hard materials, such as granite, bluestone, or marble, requiring full finish before laying, or of softer varieties, such as brownstone, laid with rough exterior, the decoration being carved afterward. The pyramids (see pyramidpyramid.
The true pyramid exists only in Egypt, though the term has also been applied to similar structures in other countries. Egyptian pyramids are square in plan and their triangular sides, which directly face the points of the compass, slope upwards at approximately a
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) and the sphinxsphinx
, mythical beast of ancient Egypt, frequently symbolizing the pharaoh as an incarnation of the sun god Ra. The sphinx was represented in sculpture usually in a recumbent position with the head of a man and the body of a lion, although some were constructed with rams'
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 of Egypt are among the world's greatest masterpieces of stonework.

stonework

[′stōn‚wərk]
(civil engineering)
A structure or the part of a structure built of stone.

stonework

1. Masonry construction in stone.
2. Preparation or setting of stone for building or paving.
References in periodicals archive ?
Its stonework has vegetation growing out of it and there is a real danger of it cracking and falling.
Country Durham is rich in this kind of stonework and we've got pieces dating back a thousand years.
With a focus on constructability, the software tracks the square footage of stone applied on the drawing and calculates the exact cost of the material to ensure the stonework is designed within the targeted budget, right from the start.
Decorative stonework is found on the tellers' counters and coffee counter and is accented with decorative tile.
It was rebuilt three years ago as a Centre for Reconciliation and Peace, using much of the original stonework.
The book tours Spanish Colonial loggias, hacienda courtyards, rooftop terraces, courtyard fountains and a variety of other sanctuaries from private homes and luxury resorts throughout Mexico, as well as the stonework and statuary that make each outdoor space unique.
Garden Stone: Creative Ideas, Practical Projects, And Inspiration For Purely Decorative Uses by expert gardening and award-winning gardening writer Barbara Pleasant showcases garden stonework from gardens in all parts of North America illustrating what can be done in diverse geographical locations and climates.
The Stonework collection represents the natural look of stone in four colors.
Designed and built in the early 1930s by architect Siegmund Firestone at the height of the Great Depression, Monroe Community Hospital (MCH) gained national recognition for its efficiency, innovative interiors, and ornate exterior brick and stonework.
The Tyson, for example, is composed of meticulous red tracings of creeping ivy and stonework against drapes and sofa upholstery busy with geometric patterns.
Archaeologists are currently working on the 19th century stonework which exposed medieval masonry in the course of the collapse.
The quality in materials and craftsmanship seen in the grand residence is rare; the finest available in master woodworking, exotic stonework and intricate custom iron detailing.