strain


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Related to strain: strain gauge, Muscle strain

strain:

see strength of materialsstrength of materials,
measurement in engineering of the capacity of metal, wood, concrete, and other materials to withstand stress and strain. Stress is the internal force exerted by one part of an elastic body upon the adjoining part, and strain is the deformation or change in
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.

Strain

 

a pure culture of a species of microorganism in which its morphological and physiological characteristics are studied.

Strains can be isolated from a variety of sources, for example, soil, water, or food, or they can be isolated from a single source at different times. Hence, the same species of bacterium, yeast, or microscopic fungus may have a great many strains, differing from one another in several characteristics, such as sensitivity to antibiotics and capacity to produce toxins and enzymes. Commercial strains of microorganisms developed as a result of selection and used in industry for the microbiological synthesis of proteins (including enzymes), antibiotics, vitamins, and organic acids are much more productive than wild strains.

strain

[strān]
(biology)
An intraspecific group of organisms that possess only one or a few distinctive traits and are maintained as an artificial breeding group.
(cell and molecular biology)
A population of cells derived either from a primary culture or from a cell line by the selection or cloning of cells having specific properties or markers.
(mechanics)
Change in length of an object in some direction per unit undistorted length in some direction, not necessarily the same; the nine possible strains form a second-rank tensor.

strain

A change in the form or shape of a body or material which is subjected to an external force.

strain

Any deformation or deflection in a body caused by stress. The strain is directly proportional to the stress, as a load is applied until the proportional limit is reached. Beyond that point, the strain may increase at a changing rate until the yield stress is reached, but the part will return to its original size and shape when the load is removed and the strain is zero. The body will be deformed if the yield stress is exceeded. The strain is recorded as the change of size over the original size.

strain

1
1. Music a theme, melody, or tune
2. a feeling of tension and tiredness resulting from overwork, worry, etc.; stress
3. a particular style or recurring theme in speech or writing
4. Physics the change in dimension of a body under load expressed as the ratio of the total deflection or change in dimension to the original unloaded dimension. It may be a ratio of lengths, areas, or volumes

strain

2
1. a group of organisms within a species or variety, distinguished by one or more minor characteristics
2. a variety of bacterium or fungus, esp one used for a culture
References in classic literature ?
The merit of this bird's strain is in its freedom from all plaintiveness.
And to another chief, who broke down under the excessive strain of retrenchment:-
Of course it was at a sacrifice, but it would ease the strain on all of them and bolster up the faint-hearted.
It's just this," said the doctor, taking a finger of his kid glove in his white hands and pulling it, "if you don't strain the strings, and then try to break them, you'll find it a difficult job; but strain a string to its very utmost, and the mere weight of one finger on the strained string will snap it.
A new strain of music, loud and jubilant, rose from the hidden shrine.
thundered from all sides, one regiment after another greeting the Tsar with the strains of the march, and then "Hurrah
Researchers have examined that reconstruction, as well as individual genes from this virus, to determine how the 1918 strain infected cells.
When one compresses an elastomer to a given strain at room temperature, the initial load will depend on the rate at which it is compressed, after which the load will decrease over time to an equilibrium elastic load.
Any mouse strain that proves commercially viable is able to support both of IBL's businesses.
Mutation into a strain with the potential for pandemic may never happen, but if it does, mortality could be extremely high.
Strain is the only Californian on the Green Wave and is beginning the process of returning to college life in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.
In the present study, we twisted hollow cylindrical specimens of annealed epoxy glass to apply shear strain, and then left them under strain for various aging times.