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Related to Strangles: Puppy Strangles



an acute infectious disease of horses manifested by mucopurulent inflammation of the nasal and pharyngeal mucous membrane and submandibular lymph nodes.

Strangles occurs everywhere, most often in countries with a temperate or cold climate; sporadic cases are reported in the USSR. The causative agent is Streptococcus equi, a highly resistant microorganism in the environment. The source of the pathogen is infected horses and those that have recovered from the disease. The disease may be transmitted through feed, water, grooming objects, troughs, and stable walls contaminated by the pus and nasal discharge of diseased horses. Strangles epizootics usually occur in late fall, winter, or early spring. The course of the disease is generally acute. The typical form of strangles is characterized by fever, listlessness, anorexia, and enlargement of the submandibular lymph nodes and formation of abscesses in them. The diagnosis is based on epizootiological data, clinical symptoms, and results of laboratory tests. Sick horses are isolated and treated. Each animal must be individually cared for, fed, and watered. The stalls, grooming objects, harnesses, and troughs must be thoroughly disinfected.


Bakulov, I. A. “Myt.” In Epizootologiia. Edited by R. F. Sosov. Moscow, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
As a precautionary measure, blood samples taken from the applicable horse during its stay in the UAE and before its departure are currently being analysed for strangles.
Samples Collection: A total of 194 samples of nasal discharge were collected using sterile cotton swabs, and 56 pus samples from affected sub-mandibular lymph nodes were collected aseptically using sterile disposable syringes, from clinically strangles affected animals.
Herbie was diagnosed with strangles onMarch 25, allegedly froma transient horse at a yard where it was being kept.
There is also the potential problem of apparently healthy horses harbouring the disease with some remaining so-called carriers or shedders more than a year after an infection of strangles.
The suspected case is at Rhyd Ifan livery yard, Glan Conwy, and follows outbreaks of strangles in the Conwy valley earlier this year.
This big breakthrough is a real boon to horse owners and I believe will lead to a significant drop in strangles outbreaks.
Although strangles is no longer a notifiable sickness, Marner has informed the Animal Health Trust, the Thoroughbred Breeders' Association and her neighbour Tregoning.
The AHT's head of epidemiology, Richard Newton, added that strangles is the most commonly reported horse disease in the world, and unlike many contagious illnesses, is present on every continent.
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