ARU strike leaders, including Debs, served three to six months in jail, and injunctions, backed by the Supreme Court, became a key tool for state and federal strikebreaking
Many industrial workers, increasingly convinced that their principal enemy was 'Vaticanist fascism', were similarly horrified by the Church's redoubled attempts to sabotage the anarchist and Socialist unions by strikebreaking
and the fomenting of yellow unionism.
workers were perceived as enemies more dangerous than capitalists.
At the Carnegie Steel (Homestead) lockout in 1892, entrenched workers fired on Pinkerton detectives hired to protect strikebreaking
replacements, attempted to sink the barges they arrived on with cannon fire, and poured oil into the fiver and set it on fire before the Pinkertons surrendered.
investigated the use of private police in strikebreaking
, but he found it difficult to distinguish between the functions of private police agencies and suppliers of public police.
Moreover, "[f]ormal private police forces, like the Pennsylvania Coal and Iron Police and the strikebreaking
Pinkerton Detective Agency, founded in 1852 by Allan Pinkerton, served industrialists' interests in labor disputes.
Hired guns working for strikebreaking
firms under contract with school districts.
Shaw, who appears to lean toward the open-the-border side, contends that Chavez didn't mind illegal immigration per se, merely illegal immigration when it took the form of strikebreaking
military bases in our country, the militarization of the countryside, rampant corruption, strikebreaking
, even the aesthetics of the traditional beauty pageant.
The Taft-Hartley Act allows the executive branch of the federal government to obtain legal strikebreaking
injunctions if an impending or current strike "imperiled the national health or safety," a test that has been interpreted broadly by the courts (Abraham 1996).
There may however also be an Employment Court hearing regarding allegations from the union that the airline, which is an Air New Zealand subsidiary, implemented illegal measures for strikebreaking
For blacks, however, strikebreaking
in the pre-New Deal era was a way of entering advancing industries otherwise closed to them by union discrimination.