stucco

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stucco

(stŭk`ō), in architecture, a term loosely applied to various kinds of plasterwork, both exterior and interior. It now commonly refers to a plaster or cement used for the external coating of buildings, most frequently employed in Mediterranean countries. It usually consists of a mixture of cement or lime and sand, applied in one or more coats over a rough masonry or frame structure; the finish is either troweled, floated, or rough textured. The finish called roughcast or rock cast, formerly common in England and the United States, consists of small gravel or other pebbles mixed with wet plaster and thrown or dashed forcibly against a freshly plastered wall. In Italy a form of decoration known as graffitograffito
. 1 Method of ornamenting architectural plaster surfaces. The designs are produced by scratching a topcoat of plaster to reveal an undercoat of contrasting and deeper color.
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 is often applied to a stucco wall. In ancient Greece a form of stucco was often used over coarse stonework to give a fine surface suitable for receiving detail. The Romans employed stucco similarly on external surfaces and, with notable success, as an interior finish; for indoor work they used a mixture of plaster of Paris or powdered marble, capable of receiving a high finish. The term stucco is also applied to various forms of interior decoration in relief that more properly would be classified as plasteringplastering,
house construction technique involving the application of plaster to walls and ceilings, exterior plasterwork being of a different composition and generally known as stucco.
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Stucco

An exterior fine plaster finish composed of Portland cement, lime, and sand mixed with water, used for decorative work or moldings, and usually textured.

Stucco

 

raised ornamentation, with figurative or nonfigurative motifs, on the facades or in the interiors of buildings. Stucco is usually cast or pressed from gypsum, concrete, plaster, papiermâché, or other materials.


Stucco

 

a material used for the ornamentation of walls and architectural details. Stucco is made of baked and pulverized gypsum with alum and a binder, sometimes with an admixture of marble dust. It is applied in a plastic state and may be polished many times and shined until it takes on a mirror-like luster. Stucco was known in ancient Egypt and was widely used in ancient Roman and Renaissance art. It has remained in wide use through modern times. Stucco was introduced into Russia in the 18th century.

stucco

[′stək·ō]
(materials)
A smooth plasterlike material applied to the outside wall or other exterior surface of a building or structure.

stucco

1. An exterior finish, composed of some combination of portland cement, lime, and sand, which are mixed with water, which dries to a very hard textured surface.
2. A synthetic exterior finish such as an exterior insulation and finishing system, containing materials other than stucco, 1, for example, containing an epoxy as a binder.
3. A fine plaster used for decorative work, moldings, or cornices.
4. A partially or fully calcined gypsum that has not yet been processed into a finished product.

stucco

1. a weather-resistant mixture of dehydrated lime, powdered marble, and glue, used in decorative mouldings on buildings
2. decorative work moulded in stucco