Vidrine (1996) subsequently identified 20 groupings of Unionicola subgenera
based on sets of shared morphological and life-history characters.
Several authors have tried to provide a natural system to divide the genus Vicia into subgenera
, sections and subsections (HANELT; METTIN, 1989; KUPICHA, 1976; LEHT, 2009).
and seven sections) and most species and subspecies of the genus in the Iberian flora.
paryagi cannot be assigned to either of these subgenera
as defined by Costa (2006).
Andersen and Weir (2003) performed a cladistic analysis of the Australasian genera of Microveliinae and separated Microvelia into a series of subgenera
and presumably monophyletic species groups.
Thompson (1995, 2008) elevated the subgenera
to generic status on the basis of the combinations of shell, radular and soft anatomical differences.
A total of 1,440 specimens were collected (420 larvae, 294 pupae, and 726 adults) representing both subfamilies of Culicidae (Anophelinae and Culicinae), six tribes of subfamily Culicinae, 13 genera, 19 subgenera
, and 41 species.
In the first section, he lists the genera and subgenera
if any, and the names of species alphabetically in each.
The genus is divided into two subgenera
(Ojanguren-Affilastro & Ramirez 2009), namely Brachistosternus Pocock 1893 and Ministernus Francke 1985.
It is significant that in these four species, as in several species groups and subgenera
of Lutzomyia (sensu Young and Duncan 1994), females are difficult to identify morphologically unless they are associated with their respective male counterparts; this situation often leads to identification problems (Galati and Caceres 1994; Young and Duncan 1994).
Popovslo) and Pfiester (1990) continued dividing Peridinium into two subgenera
Poroperidinium and Cleisotoperidinium with the same four sections in Cleistoperidinium and five sections in Poroperidinium.
115) considered two subgenera
, Munbaca and Tucuma (this including the sections Ayri, Tucuma and Malybo).