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subspecies,also called race, a genetically distinct geographical subunit of a speciesspecies,
in biology, a category of classification, the original and still the basic unit in the demarcation of plant and animal types. The species marks the boundary between populations of organisms rather than between individuals.
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in biology, the systematic categorization of organisms into a coherent scheme. The original purpose of biological classification, or systematics, was to organize the vast number of known plants and animals into categories that could be named, remembered, and
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a taxonomic category of animals and plants below a species. A subspecies is a group of geographically or, less frequently, ecologically or geochronologically isolated populations of a species, in which all or the majority of individuals differ in one or more morphological characters from individuals of other populations of the same species.
The name of a subspecies is formed by adding a third word, or epithet, to the species name. For example, the Middle Asian fox Vulpes vulpes flavescens is a subspecies of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes). In botany and, sometimes, zoology, subsp. or ssp. is written between the species name and the name of the subspecies.