The wood failure mode became adhesive failure mixed with some substrate failure, probably because at an NCO/OH molar ratio of 1.
A = adhesive failure; C = cohesive failure of adhesive; S = substrate failure.
Due to the sharing of substrate resources, a single substrate failure will affect all the VNs sharing it.
The purpose of the survivable virtual network embedding (SVNE) is to provide survivability to VNs running on the substrate network against substrate failures through the means of VNE.
Despite this limitation, there is a significant increase in the carbon signal for the substrate failure surfaces.
Despite the difference in the substrate failure surfaces determined by XPS, the isotherms for DI water and 0.
This prevents warpage, delamination and substrate failure
Therefore, substrate failure
happens when all forces applied to the coating (adhesive force to the substrate, cohesive force within the coating, and external force) are stronger than the cohesive force within the substrate.
Once we understand the substrate failure
mechanisms, it is important to recognize how conformal coating itself can fail.
This adhesive is proven to be strong, as well, as the failure mode is substrate failure
of the plastic material rather than the area bonded.
A combination of cyclic thermal expansion of the metallic can and vibrational loading accelerates mat degradation, culminating in loss of emissions conversion or substrate failure
The ideal adhesion of a polymer system to concrete is when the bond strength is greater than the tensile strength of the concrete with the failure occurring in the concrete substrate rather than the coating - substrate failure