succinic acid

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succinic acid:

see Krebs cycleKrebs cycle,
series of chemical reactions carried out in the living cell; in most higher animals, including humans, it is essential for the oxidative metabolism of glucose and other simple sugars.
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Succinic Acid


HOOCCH2CH2 COOH. Also known as butanedioic acid, succinic acid is a colorless, crystalline compound that is soluble in ethanol, ether, and water.

Succinic acid has a melting point of 185°C and a density of 1.563 g/cm3 at 20°C. It is found in small amounts in brown coal, amber, plants, and animals; it is an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle.

Succinic acid is produced industrially mainly by the hydrogenation of maleic anhydride. The acid itself and a number of its derivatives—including its anhydride, monoamides, diamides, and esters and salts (succinates), as well as succinimide—are used in the production of various plastics, polyester resins, dyes, insecticides, and pharmaceuticals; they are also used in the synthesis of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons.

succinic acid

[sək′sin·ik ′as·əd]
(organic chemistry)
CO2H(CH2)2CO2H Water-soluble, colorless crystals with an acid taste; melts at 185°C; used as a chemical intermediate, in medicine, and to make perfume esters.
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Table 69: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Succinic Acid byGeographic Region - China, India, and Rest of Asia-PacificMarkets Independently Analyzed with Annual ConsumptionFigures in Tonnes for the Years 2007 through 2013 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) III-48
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Renewable succinic acid is no longer an R&D program; it is a commercial reality for the chemical industry.
Bio 1,4-Butanediol: Myrianes bio BDO, produced From bio Succinic acid is a drop in for all BDO applications.
Specifically, SDK has developed the volume production technology for Bionolle(TM) that uses succinic acid made from starches or sugars.
Noah is a very special member of my family and has a rare metabolic condition called Arginno Succinic Acid Urea, which means that he has the gene missing which affects how his body processes the protein he eats.
Reverdia produces biobased succinic acid, which is derived from non-fossil feedstock and can be used in the manufacture of polymers, resins, and other products.
have signed an agreement to form a sales and marketing partnership to distribute biobased succinic acid in Japan, China, South Korea and Taiwan, for applications such as plasticizers, polymers, urethanes and solvents.