sudden infant death syndrome

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Related to sudden infant death syndrome: shaken baby syndrome

sudden infant death syndrome

(SIDS) or

crib death,

sudden, unexpected, and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age (usually between two weeks and eight months old). SIDS accounts for 10% of infant deaths and is the second highest cause of death (after accidents) in infancy. The risk is higher in males, in low-birth-weight infants, in lower socioeconomic levels, during cold months, and for babies who sleep face down.

Causal theories suggest that the infant may have immature or hypersensitive lungs, may have a defect in brain-stem control of breathing, or may be rebreathing carbon dioxide. Recent studies have shown persistent high levels of an infant form of hemoglobinhemoglobin
, respiratory protein found in the red blood cells (erythrocytes) of all vertebrates and some invertebrates. A hemoglobin molecule is composed of a protein group, known as globin, and four heme groups, each associated with an iron atom.
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 in babies with known risk factors for the condition.

SIDS victims are thought to have brief episodes of apnea (breathing stoppage) before the fatal one. An alarm system that detects breathing abnormalities is sometimes used with infants suspected of being prone to SIDS. The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that babies be laid to sleep on their backs or sides.

sudden infant death syndrome

[′səd·ən ′in·fənt ¦deth ′sin‚drōm]
The sudden and unexpected death of an apparently normal infant that remains unexplained after the performance of an adequate autopsy. Abbreviated SIDS. Also known as crib death; sudden death syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Use of a fan during sleep and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
Babies sleeping with parents: Case-control study of factors influencing the risk of the sudden infant death syndrome.
The contribution of changes in the prevalence of prone sleeping position to the decline in sudden infant death syndrome in Tasmania.
4) Arizona SIDS Advisory Council, Facts About Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) for Police Officers and Pre-Hospital Personnel, Infant Death Support Series (April 29, 1994).
Perhaps now we can focus all our efforts on identifying the root causes of sudden infant death syndrome and supporting those families cruelly robbed of their babies, instead of seeking to blame the blameless.
Laryngospasm and diaphragmatic arrest in immature dogs after laryngeal acid exposure: A possible model for sudden infant death syndrome.
Defining the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): deliberation of an expert panel convened by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.
Observations on the pathological anatomy of the sudden infant death syndrome.
The death of a child from sudden infant death syndrome is a specially painful bereavement.
To help families cope immediately and long after this tragic event, Becca Peden and Serena Gragert have established the Baby Angels Foundation, a nonprofit organization aimed at raising awareness of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and funding much-needed resources for bereaved parents in Minnesota and western Wisconsin.
Risk factor changes for sudden infant death syndrome after initiation of Back-toSleep campaign.
Child pathologist Dr Mudher Al-Adnani, who carried out a postmortem on Mubarek, said the child had died in circumstances similar to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).

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