sudden infant death syndrome

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Related to sudden infant death syndrome: shaken baby syndrome

sudden infant death syndrome

(SIDS) or

crib death,

sudden, unexpected, and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age (usually between two weeks and eight months old). SIDS accounts for 10% of infant deaths and is the second highest cause of death (after accidents) in infancy. The risk is higher in males, in low-birth-weight infants, in lower socioeconomic levels, during cold months, and for babies who sleep face down.

Causal theories suggest that the infant may have immature or hypersensitive lungs, may have a defect in brain-stem control of breathing, or may be rebreathing carbon dioxide. Recent studies have shown persistent high levels of an infant form of hemoglobinhemoglobin
, respiratory protein found in the red blood cells (erythrocytes) of all vertebrates and some invertebrates. A hemoglobin molecule is composed of a protein group, known as globin, and four heme groups, each associated with an iron atom.
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 in babies with known risk factors for the condition.

SIDS victims are thought to have brief episodes of apnea (breathing stoppage) before the fatal one. An alarm system that detects breathing abnormalities is sometimes used with infants suspected of being prone to SIDS. The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that babies be laid to sleep on their backs or sides.

sudden infant death syndrome

[′səd·ən ′in·fənt ¦deth ′sin‚drōm]
The sudden and unexpected death of an apparently normal infant that remains unexplained after the performance of an adequate autopsy. Abbreviated SIDS. Also known as crib death; sudden death syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Infant arousals during mother-infant bed sharing: Implications for infant sleep and sudden infant death syndrome research.
Apnea of prematurity, sudden infant death syndrome, and apparent life-threatening events.
Brainstem deficiency of the 14-3-3 regulator of serotonin synthesis: A proteomics analysis in the sudden infant death syndrome," Mol Cell Proteomics, Vol.
It is my intention to record a verdict of natural causes which is consistent with sudden infant death syndrome.
Sudden infant death syndrome risk factors with regards to sleep position, sleep surface, and co-sleeping.
Prospective cohort study of prone sleeping position and sudden infant death syndrome.
Guidelines for death scene investigation of sudden, unexplained infant deaths: recommendations of the Interagency Panel on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
3) Interagency Panel on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, "Guidelines for Death Scene Investigation of Sudden, Unexplained Infant Deaths"; retrieved on September 17, 2003, from http://www.
Jolley et al followed 499 children with reflux for 1 year and reported a 9% incidence of sudden infant death syndrome among infants who had a high frequency of GER on pH-metry.
The diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) can also be a difficult task for the forensic pathologist.
In fact, Purnell-O'Neal writes, breastfeeding can help prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, which is more than twice as likely to kill black babies than white babies in Illinois, according to the Illinois Department of Public Health.

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