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see elmelm,
common name for the Ulmaceae, a family of trees and shrubs chiefly of the Northern Hemisphere. Elm trees (genus Ulmus) have a limited use as hardwoods for timber, especially the rock or cork elm (U. thomasi).
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One of the oldest foraged foods, going back half a million years. Tiny berries 1/4 inch (.63cm) on tree from fall to spring. Orange-red when ripe. Berries are thin skin around large, hard seed. Seed is also edible. Skin can be sucked off, but best way to consume is to crush entire berries in mortar and pestle into a sweet delicious nutritious mush. This paste can be eaten raw or dried into a “food bar”. Seeds can be blended and strained into a milk just like almond milk. Tree bark is lumpy with wart-like growths all over it. Indians used hackberry for sore throats, colds and menstrual regulation.



(Celtis), a genus of deciduous or more rarely evergreen trees of the family Ulmaceae. The leaves are asymmetrical and serrated, with three veins at the base. The blossoms are opaque and polygamous, with a simple five-membered perianth. The fruit is a drupe. There are about 50 species in tropical and arid regions of the temperate zones in the western and eastern hemispheres. In the USSR there are two species. Caucasian hackberry (C. caucasicd) is a tree up to 20 m tall with grayish green downy leaves that grows in the Caucasus and Middle Asia. Smooth hackberry (C. glabratd) is 4– m tall and grows on dry rocky slopes of the Crimea and Caucasus.

Hackberry is widely used for greenery and for protective for-estation, especially in arid regions. The fruit is edible; the leavesare used for animal fodder and the bark in tanning hides. Thewood is hard and durable; it is used in cabinetry, woodworking, and carving.



Celtis occidentalis. A tree of the eastern United States characterized by corky or warty bark, and by alternate, long-pointed serrate leaves unequal at the base; produces small, sweet, edible drupaceous fruit.
Any of several other trees of the genus Celtis.
References in periodicals archive ?
a) Mean number of hemipterans collected from the shoots every month from sugarberry in Gainesville from Feb 2011 to Jun 2012.
Bois d'arc had third-highest dominance (less than sugarberry and pecan) and fourth-highest density (behind sugarberry, tree-of-heaven, and cedar elm), but the lowest composition (0%) of species measured as plants <1.
The most common tree is green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica); other common trees include sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) and elm (Ulmus americana).
Sugarberry is also another common name for hackberry trees, which further confuses things.
Taylor and Wooten [35] looked at variation from pith to bark for SG, fiber length, fiber dimensions, and volumetric composition in black willow, willow oak, sycamore, pecan, and sugarberry.
texana), sugarberry (Celtis laevigam), green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica), bald cypress (Taxodium distichum), and hickory (Carya spp.
Common trees on ridges included boxelder (Acer negundo), red maple (Acer rubrum), sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), and American elm (Ulmus americana).
simpsonii, [star] 1995 White, Eugenia axillaris, 15 28 9 45 [star] 1994* White, Eugenia axillaris, 15 25 11 43 [star] 1993* Strongback Bahama, Bourreria ovata, 1999 32 28 14 64 Rough, Bourreria radula, 22 23 19 50 [star] 1995 Sugarberry Celtis laevigata, 2005 139 111 50 263 Sumac Evergreen, Rhus virens, 2005 31 14 27 52 Mearns, Rhus choriophylla, 24 20 19 49 [star] 1995 Prairie, Rhus lanceolata, 72 26 45 80 1994 Shining, Rhus copallina var.
Secondary perch trees included water hickory (n = 3), overcup oak (n = 2), water oak (n = 1), and sugarberry (Celtis laevigata; n = 1).
Riparian vegetation in the Lower Rio Grande Valley is composed of species such as bald cypress (Taxodium distichum), Mexican ash (Fraxinus berlandieriana), Texas sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), Texas ebony (Pithecellobium ebano), black willow (Salix nigra), and huisache (Acacia smallii; Jahrsdoerfer and Leslie, 1988; Brush and Cantu, 1998).
The best of what's left may be the remnant bottomland hardwoods bordering the White and Cache rivers of eastern Arkansas, where fragmented strips of flood-prone woodland linger in dense stands of cypress, oak, sycamore, tupelo, hickory, sweet-gum, sugarberry, and cane shading creatures ranging from timber rattlers to black bears.
marilandica], pignut hickory [Carya glabra], sassafras [Sassafras albidum], sugarberry [Celtis laevigata], and swamp chestnut oak [Q.