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see elmelm,
common name for the Ulmaceae, a family of trees and shrubs chiefly of the Northern Hemisphere. Elm trees (genus Ulmus) have a limited use as hardwoods for timber, especially the rock or cork elm (U. thomasi).
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One of the oldest foraged foods, going back half a million years. Tiny berries 1/4 inch (.63cm) on tree from fall to spring. Orange-red when ripe. Berries are thin skin around large, hard seed. Seed is also edible. Skin can be sucked off, but best way to consume is to crush entire berries in mortar and pestle into a sweet delicious nutritious mush. This paste can be eaten raw or dried into a “food bar”. Seeds can be blended and strained into a milk just like almond milk. Tree bark is lumpy with wart-like growths all over it. Indians used hackberry for sore throats, colds and menstrual regulation.



(Celtis), a genus of deciduous or more rarely evergreen trees of the family Ulmaceae. The leaves are asymmetrical and serrated, with three veins at the base. The blossoms are opaque and polygamous, with a simple five-membered perianth. The fruit is a drupe. There are about 50 species in tropical and arid regions of the temperate zones in the western and eastern hemispheres. In the USSR there are two species. Caucasian hackberry (C. caucasicd) is a tree up to 20 m tall with grayish green downy leaves that grows in the Caucasus and Middle Asia. Smooth hackberry (C. glabratd) is 4– m tall and grows on dry rocky slopes of the Crimea and Caucasus.

Hackberry is widely used for greenery and for protective for-estation, especially in arid regions. The fruit is edible; the leavesare used for animal fodder and the bark in tanning hides. Thewood is hard and durable; it is used in cabinetry, woodworking, and carving.



Celtis occidentalis. A tree of the eastern United States characterized by corky or warty bark, and by alternate, long-pointed serrate leaves unequal at the base; produces small, sweet, edible drupaceous fruit.
Any of several other trees of the genus Celtis.
References in periodicals archive ?
a) Mean number of hemipterans collected from the shoots every month from sugarberry in Gainesville from Feb 2011 to Jun 2012.
Bois d'arc had third-highest dominance (less than sugarberry and pecan) and fourth-highest density (behind sugarberry, tree-of-heaven, and cedar elm), but the lowest composition (0%) of species measured as plants <1.
The most common tree is green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica); other common trees include sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) and elm (Ulmus americana).
In addition to direct colonization of old fields, red cedar can invade thickets of the species noted in the previous section (h), along with sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), ashes (F.
The predominant tree species of bottomland hardwood forest in southwestern Indiana include sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), hackberry (Celtis occidentalis), sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), red elm (Ulmus rubra), shagbark hickory (Carva ovata), green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica), box elder (Acer negundo), silver maple (Acer saccharinum), butternut (Jughms cinerea), and northern red oak (Quercus rubra).
Riparian habitat occurs on steep limestone bluffs along the Colorado River and is dominated by tall trees of Pecan (Carya illinoensis), American elm (Ulmus americana), sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), and sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) (Schwausch 1997).
glauca 126 130 30 1975 STOPPER Boxleaf Eugenia foetida 1999 12 25 9 Red Eugenia rhombea 1999 19 28 11 Redberry Eugenia confusa 1993 61 41 20 White Eugenia axillaris 1993 17 25 7 STRONGBACK Bahama Bourreria ovata 1999 37 33 17 SUGARBERRY Celtis laevigata 2007 221 82 36 SUMAC Evergreen Rhus virens [dagger] 2005 31 14 27 Evergreen Rhus virens [dagger] 2006 37 15 16 Littleleaf Rhus microphylla 2007 13 14 20 Mearns Rhus choriophylla 2007 21 20 16 Prairie Rhus lanceolata 1994 72 26 45 Shining Rhus copallina [dagger] 29 35 24 2007 Shining Rhus copallina [dagger] 38 29 32 2000 Smooth Rhus glabra 2001 36 52 28 Staghorn Rhus typhina 1985 50 57 41 Sugar Rhus ovata 1995 71 34 36 SWAMP-PRIVET Forestiera acuminata 2007 31 46 29 SWAMPBAY Persea borbonia var.
Sugarberry is also another common name for hackberry trees, which further confuses things.
Taylor and Wooten [35] looked at variation from pith to bark for SG, fiber length, fiber dimensions, and volumetric composition in black willow, willow oak, sycamore, pecan, and sugarberry.
lyrata), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanicus), black willow (Salix nigra), and baldcypress (Taxodium distichum).
Common trees on ridges included boxelder (Acer negundo), red maple (Acer rubrum), sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), and American elm (Ulmus americana).