Sulfonate


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sulfonate

[′səl·fə‚nāt]
(chemistry)
A sulfuric acid derivative or a sulfonic acid ester containing a ‒SO3‒ group.
(organic chemistry)
Any of a group of petroleum hydrocarbons derived from sulfuric-acid treatment of oils, used as synthetic detergents, emulsifying and wetting agents, and chemical intermediates.

Sulfonate

 

any of several salts of sulfonic acids. The sulfonates of alkali metals, mainly sodium alkylsulfonates, are widely used as surfactants in the production of detergents.

References in periodicals archive ?
Oils 6, 7 and 8 were formulated with a mixture of overbased calcium sulfonate and a non-overbased calcium detergent to evaluate the effect of overbasing on LSPI response.
At the high concentration and at both temperatures, Sodium Gluconate, Sodium Nitrite and Triethanolamine Borate showed TOA >1000 at both temperatures, while Boric Acid, Trisodium Phosphate Dodecahydrate, Sodium Nitrite, Chloroparaffin, and Triethanolamine Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate showed TOA much higher than 1000 ppm.
There is a commercially available product that combines sodium polystyrene sulfonate with sorbitol in a suspension (Sterns et al.
The epoxidized methyl ester sulfonate (EMES) showed a good surface activity and thermal stability.
This study confirms that, as we have suspected, exposure to (perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoate) is fairly universal; this is of particular concern because of the potential toxicity, especially developmental toxicity, for these chemicals and the lack of information about health risks at these exposure levels," said APHA member Lynn Goldman, MD, MPH, co-author of the study.
Not all the county's gravel roads get a lignin Sulfonate spritz, though, and few if any of the roads get oiled from start to finish.
Formulators also anticipate a problem with sodium petroleum sulfonate, a 50 million/lb/yr raw material supplied for 80% of the market by a single company.
Benzene and propylene tetramer are processed into alkyl benzene, which is subsequently processed into alkyl benzene sulfonate, which is the basic material for detergents and other types of washing soap.
Reports had reached us of the use of a thickened calcium sulfonate in Italy and elsewhere in Europe to replace traditional greases in wound steel bridge cables and similar applications.
Tenders are invited for furnishing and application of lignin sulfonate and/or earthbind 100.