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(Russian, svodka), in statistics, the scientific processing of the raw data statistical agencies receive in the form of reports from socialist enterprises (seeREPORTING) and as a result of statistical surveys. The principal method used in summarization is grouping. The results of the summarization are presented in statistical tables. Summarization permits the systematization and generalization of information on all the units of observation considered. In addition, summarization makes it possible to obtain the composite indexes that are needed in planning and managing the national economy.

In Soviet statistics, the principles of Marxist-Leninist theory provide the scientific basis for summarization. V. I. Lenin called attention several times to the importance and complexity of the question of the methods used to summarize raw data (see Razvitie kapitalizma v Rossii [The Development of Capitalism in Russia], in Poln. sobr. sock, 5th ed., vol. 3, pp. 119, 120, and 140; “Kapitalisticheskii stroi sovremennogo zemledeliia” [The Capitalist System of Modern Agriculture], ibid., vol. 19, p. 326; and Novye dannye o zakonakh razvitiia kapitalizma v zemledelii [New Data on the Laws Governing the Development of Capitalism in Agriculture], ibid., vol. 27, pp. 182 and 190).

The bulk of the raw data is summarized at the computer stations and computer centers of the Central Statistical Board of the USSR. The organization of the summarization of statistical data will enter a qualitatively new stage with the creation of a national automated system for the collection and processing of information used in accounting, planning, and management in the national economy. A major functional link in this system will be an automated system of state statistics (see Materialy XXIV s”ezda KPSS [Materials of the Twenty-fourth Congress of the CPSU], 1972, p. 298).


References in periodicals archive ?
Fujitsu created a model by applying machine learning and natural language processing to a total of about 2,500 sets of past articles from The Shinano Mainichi Shimbun and the summaries of those articles that had been made by hand, and built an automated article summarization system that automatically creates summarized articles optimized for the cable TV news delivery service.
The major downside of applying sentence extraction techniques to the assignment of summarization is the thrashing of coherence in the ensuing summary.
The semantic predications produced by the Summarization phase can be visually displayed.
Summarization of any text file (included PDF in Pro version) or web documents
This section is divided into following subsections that correspond to each application of CL: Information Retrieval, Question Answering, Text Summarization, and Text Generation.
In order to help learners choose videos that are suitable for specific learning activities, two issues must be addressed: (a) the appropriate summarization technique must be able to extract semantic information from video content; and (b) the appropriate system must be able to recommend a suitable video to learners from a huge database.
In addition, when a student generates summaries independently, the vocabulary and sentence structure of the summarization is matched to his or her individual reading ability.
Utrecht) and The MITRE Corporation (Mark Maybury), the workshop brought together a group of 50 computational linguists, Al researchers, and computer scientists from North America, Europe, Asia, Australia, and South Africa working in a range of areas (for example, speech and language processing, translation, summarization, multimedia presentation, content extraction, dialog tracking) both to report advances in human language technology and their application to knowledge management and to work toward a road map for the human language technologies for the next decade.
The information may be directly identified in the statement or it may be derived from analysis, aggregation, summarization or mathematical computation.
Summarization is a fourth learning strategy that can help students used deletion and superordination to construct and retain a succinct summary of important propositions from text.
Since financial statements already represent a summarization of financial data, how much further summarization was used in these summary annual reports?