sunfish


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sunfish,

common name for members of the family Centrachidae, comprising numerous species of spiny-finned, freshwater fishes with deep, laterally flattened bodies found in temperate North America. All members of the family, which includes the black basses (genus Micropterus) and the crappies (genus Pomoxis), prefer fertile lakes with firm bottoms and build nests, which the males guard pugnaciously. The sunfishes, or breams, genus Lepomis, are smaller ( 1-4 lb/.14 kg average) members indigenous to E North America but successfully introduced in the West. Common eastern varieties are the the bluegill and green sunfishes, and the longear and common, or pumpkinseed, sunfishes, brilliantly colored with bright orange bellies. The redear and warmouth sunfishes are found in the Mississippi basin; the spotted sunfish, or stumpknocker, is a denizen of the South. The Sacramento perch, Archoplites interruptus, a native western sunfish, has been widely introduced in the W United States. The rock bass, genus Ambloplites, is indigenous to E North America. The black basses, the most important and valuable of American freshwater game fishes, are longer bodied and larger (averaging 2–3 lb/.9–1.4 kg); they include the largemouth and smallmouth black basses and the spotted bass. The crappies are the largest sunfishes, attaining a length of 1 ft (2.5 cm) and a weight of 2 lb (.9 kg). There are two species, the white crappie (P. annularis) and the black crappie or calico bass (P. nigromaculatus). The pigmy sunfishes, rarely over 1 1-2 in. (3.8 cm) long, bear an uncertain relationship to the family and are classed separately (family Elassomatidae). The totally unrelated ocean sunfish, or headfish, Mola mola, of the family Molidae, is allied to the pufferpuffer
or pufferfish,
common name for some tropical marine fish of the family Tetraodontidae. The puffers and their allies, including the boxfish, the porcupinefish, the triggerfish, and the ocean sunfish or headfish, form an odd group (order Tetraodontiformes).
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. Sunfishes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Centrachidae.

sunfish

[′sən‚fish]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several species of marine and freshwater fishes in the families Centrarchidae and Molidae characterized by brilliant metallic skin coloration.

sunfish

1. any large plectognath fish of the family Molidae, of temperate and tropical seas, esp Mola mola, which has a large rounded compressed body, long pointed dorsal and anal fins, and a fringelike tail fin
2. any of various small predatory North American freshwater percoid fishes of the family Centrarchidae, typically having a compressed brightly coloured body
References in periodicals archive ?
After the water calmed from bass and boulders, eventually reaching a farm pond's shade of clear, Leah was able to yank out another brilliantly gold sunfish.
Jake Souza: Brook trout (Hamblin Pond, Barnstable), brown trout (Peter's Pond, Sandwich), bullhead (Mashpee-Wakeby Lake, Mashpee), chain pickerel (Onota Lake, Pittsfield), crappie (Indian Lake, Worcester), largemouth bass (Watson Pond, Taunton), smallmouth bass (Hamblin Pond, Barnstable), sunfish (Snake Pond, Sandwich), tiger trout (Peter's Pond, Sandwich), white perch (Snake Pond, Sandwich), yellow perch (Peter's Pond, Sandwich).
Redear sunfish are the largest of the panfish in the sunfish family, although the world record bluegill comes close.
Ocean sunfish are considered to be the heaviest known bony fish in the world.
10), while the largest depth ratio came from redear sunfish (0.
EBH Namibia believes they can build on their successes and experiences of the past and are ideally positioned to deliver a valuable final product to Namsov on the Sunfish repair project.
On the back wall of my shop were two old Sunfish sailboats someone had thrown away," Lewis said.
Hunter and Wisby (1961) and Hunter and Hastler (1965) documented redfin shiners Lythrurus umbratilis spawning in nests of green sunfish Lepomis cyanellus.
Within weeks of coming to Russ's classroom, previously unsuccessful students are completing authentic field work, collecting and interpreting data, and overseeing the state's first indoor recirculating system for growing hybrid sunfish," Lewis said.
Paul Dennis, 63, spotted the female baby sunfish - which weighed 57lbs (26kg) - in distress on Heacham Beach on Wednesday.
Meanwhile marine biologist Jill Ireland, who is based at Swansea University, is investigating the washing up of seals, porpoises and creatures such as spiny dogfish, sunfish and Portuguese man o' war on Welsh beaches.
John aboard Heavenly Days, the resortOs 53-foot catamaran, with lunch and open bar; a scuba diving in-pool lesson; and use of non-motorized watersports equipment (snorkel gear, paddle boats, sunfish sailboats, windsurfing equipment and kayaks.