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see psychoanalysispsychoanalysis,
name given by Sigmund Freud to a system of interpretation and therapeutic treatment of psychological disorders. Psychoanalysis began after Freud studied (1885–86) with the French neurologist J. M.
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one of the three elements of the PERSONALITY in FREUD's theory. The superego is that part of the personality that operates as the conscience, aiming for perfection, controlling the function of the EGO by placing moral constraints on it.

Like the ego, the superego is said by Freud to develop from the ID in the first few years of life. He proposed that it was formed by the child internalizing the parent's perceived standards, and indirectly, therefore, society s standards. This came about through identification with the same-sex parent as resolution of the OEDIPUS COMPLEX. Freud's theory thus explained the development of a conscience in boys much better than in girls and he has been much criticized for the implied inferiority of women as a result. Feminist theorists such as Juliet Mitchell (1974) have explored this aspect of his theory



The superego is to one of the three essential components of Sigmund Freud‘s theory of the human personality. The superego represents the internalized mores of society and tells us what is right and wrong. Because our parents are our primary source of socialization, it might be said that the superego is the internalized voice of our parents. According to Freud, the superego is frequently in conflict with the id, which represents such primitive, animal drives as sex and aggression. The need to control these urges leads to inner conflicts—conflicts of which we are often largely unconscious and which are frequently expressed in our dreams. Repressed sexual and violent urges may, for example, lead to sexual and violent dreams. In Freud’s view, the superego’s drive to repress the id extends even into our dreams, so that socially unacceptable urges are expressed indirectly in dream symbols. A person may, for example, have a dream in which a sudden downpour drenches someone who is the object of sexual desire.


The subdivision of the psyche that acts as the conscience of the unconscious; the components, derived from both the id and the ego, are associated with standards of behavior and self-criticism.


Psychoanal that part of the unconscious mind that acts as a conscience for the ego, developing mainly from the relationship between a child and his parents
References in periodicals archive ?
But he is caught in a certain "abandon" before an arbitrary law that binds the subject to its sadistic superego or, more specifically, to its obscene (or prelinguistic) "beyond" or "other" (Lacan speaks of an "Other of the Other" here [66]) in the will not to be anything more than a role.
Daniel Robert Cosey, because of his initials--DRC--and his deeds, is dubbed "Dark," a name that suggests how powerfully he represents the ferocious superego father, the father of evil-spirited prohibition.
The sane reader finds it grotesque that Frankenstein cannot see the sane monster's evident intention to kill the sublimated Elizabeth: it is the superego that the id is after
Ao longo da película, o inconsciente se torna visível, superego dissociado, mas incorporado como imagem.
The inner desire to be loved by the superego is extremely strong, and the weaker the ego becomes, the stronger the desire.
Even the terms id, ego and superego, helpful in symbolizing certain psychic conflicts, cannot be easily ascribed to some underlying reality.
There are contemporary nods to Linda Blair's projectile vomiting scene in "The Exorcist" and the Zen mysticism of "The Matrix," and don't be surprised if you're drafted as a cast member in the comically triumphant "Hamlet" sequence, doing your best to summon Ophelia's id, ego and superego to externalize her interior character.
Again, this is similar to the development of the superego in Freud's theory, where the importance of a civilized society begins to impact the reasoning of the child.
While somewhat under developed, there were relational aspects in Freud's thinking, both clinically in the transference and theoretically with oedipal dynamics and the formation of the superego.
Even skeptics of Freud, for instance, still find it difficult to avoid referring to the superego, the subconscious, and oral fixations.
And, as Freud says, the Superego is closer to the Id than the Ego is.
Although his research began as a search for Freud's id, ego, and superego, it became an analysis of how the interactions among neurons result in the functioning of the human mind.