suprematism

(redirected from suprematist)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to suprematist: Kazimir Malevich

suprematism,

Russian art movement founded (1913) by Casimir Malevich in Moscow, parallel to constructivismconstructivism,
Russian art movement founded c.1913 by Vladimir Tatlin, related to the movement known as suprematism. After 1916 the brothers Naum Gabo and Antoine Pevsner gave new impetus to Tatlin's art of purely abstract (although politically intended) constructions.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Malevich drew Aleksandr RodchenkoRodchenko, Aleksandr
. 1891–1956, Russian painter, sculptor, photographer, and designer, b. St. Petersburg. One of the most important and versatile avant-garde artists to emerge after the Russian Revolution, he was a leading adherent of constructivism.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and El LissitzkyLissitzky, El
(Eliezer Markovich Lissitzky) , 1890–1941, Russian painter, designer, teacher, and architect. Lissitzky studied at Darmstadt and later taught at the Moscow Academy of Arts, collaborating with avant-garde artists and architects.
..... Click the link for more information.
 to his revolutionary, nonobjective art. In Malevich's words, suprematism sought "to liberate art from the ballast of the representational world." It consisted of geometrical shapes flatly painted on the pure canvas surface. Malevich's white square on a white ground (Mus. of Modern Art, New York City) embodied the movement's principles. Suprematism, through its dissemination by the BauhausBauhaus
, artists' collective and school of art and architecture in Germany (1919–33). The Bauhaus revolutionized art training by combining the teaching of classic arts with the study of crafts.
..... Click the link for more information.
, deeply influenced the development of modern European art, architecture, and industrial design.

Suprematism

 

a movement in avant-garde art founded in Russia by K. S. Malevich early in the second decade of the 20th century. A form of abstract art, suprematism expressed itself in combinations of simple variously colored geometric shapes that lack any representational meaning.

References in periodicals archive ?
As for fakes, the greatest suspicion hangs over the work of Nina Kogan, a member of the Suprematist movement who is thought by many experts not to have painted any of the major oils attributed to her.
But Copper and Liska are wholly genuine in their use of this vocabulary of the Suprematist movement that tried, as they do, to access the "zero degree" of the creative act, and that believed in the supremacy of emotion as the source of art.
It is installed in the upper corner of the room, just above his screened image of the 1915 Suprematist painting installation, in which Malevich's black square hung, like an icon would have, high up in the corner of the room.
Most of the paintings feature figurative areas, in a style not unlike that of the fictional Koshelev, that either share space with or are overlayed by Suprematist shapes and areas of white canvas (fig.
In the visual arts, Kazimir Malevich was inspired by icons to create Suprematist images (Figure 3), essentially two-dimensional shadows and energy residues of theoretical three-dimensional objects that had transcended into the fourth dimension; the painting itself acted as a border or window between our world and the "other" realm, in much the same way that an icon serves as a conduit from the divine realm to the supplicant.
Finarte Spain brought an important collection of Russian Suprematist art to the sale, realizing $102,000 for a circa 1920 untitled drawing by El Lissitzky.
The piece (a collaboration between the artist and MOMA curators) includes both flatly rendered painted images of such art and design icons from MOMA's collections as chairs by Rietveld and Thonet, Duchamp's urinal and bicycle wheel, an anglepoise lamp, and Malevich's 1918 Suprematist Composition: White on White and/or real examples of these objects.
The title refers to the Russian suprematist painter Kazimir Malevich, whose glaring colors inspired the funny costumes designed by Lucia Socci.
As an example of the function fulfilled by highly abstract shapes he describes Nalewitch's Suprematist Black Square as a conveyor of `staticity' and the Black Sphere as conveying dynamics.
It seems that the Russian genius was able to develop a hopelessly atomised Suprematist world with such outstanding talent that it became not only the most stylisticly exotic art form of the twentieth century, but one which also largely came to define the characteristics of the epoch.
The brand's latest collection, which sports geometric patterns, was inspired by the Suprematist paintings of the 20th-century artist Malevich.
The figurative work of pioneers such as Natalia Goncharova has been a particular target for copiers, but problems are rife also in the field of Suprematist and Constructivist art.