surcharge

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surcharge

1. a charge in addition to the usual payment, tax, etc.
2. an excessive sum charged, esp when unlawful
3. Law the act or an instance of surcharging
4. an overprint that alters the face value of a postage stamp

surcharge

[′sər‚chärj]
(civil engineering)
The load supported above the level of the top of a retaining wall.

surcharge

The vertical load applied at the ground surface or above the level of the bottom of a footing.
References in classic literature ?
Thus, in order to enunciate here only summarily, a law which it would require volumes to develop: in the high Orient, the cradle of primitive times, after Hindoo architecture came Phoenician architecture, that opulent mother of Arabian architecture; in antiquity, after Egyptian architecture, of which Etruscan style and cyclopean monuments are but one variety, came Greek architecture (of which the Roman style is only a continuation), surcharged with the Carthaginian dome; in modern times, after Romanesque architecture came Gothic architecture.
I liked 'Martin Chuzzlewit,' too, and the other day I read a great part of it again, and found it roughly true in the passages that referred to America, though it was surcharged in the serious moods, and caricatured in the comic.
The very atmosphere he breathed was surcharged with hatred and malice, and this but served to increase the hatred and malice within him.