HR = highly resistant; R = resistant; MR = moderately resistant; NR = not resistant; SP = southern pine; SG = sweetgum
Different species of trees growing in different soils--as the Duke and Rhinelander forests were--might not be subject to the same growth limits that the Tennessee sweetgums
We defined bottomland hardwood forests as a deciduous hardwood forest in lowland floodplains along larger rivers and lakes, characterized by sweetgum
, oaks, tupelo, and baldcypress (Fredrickson, 2005).
palustris), and sweetgum
that establish naturally get bulldozed.
In the 1930s Claire Karssiens spent six years of her early girlhood in a tiny Florida backwater called Sweetgum
Nest Dimensions Substrate Height Length Width Depth (cm) (m) (cm) (cm) Sweetgum
alba 29 Black cherry Prunus serotina 27 Black walnut Juglans nigra 31 Pecan Carya illinoinensis 14 Persimmon Dispyros virginiana 17 Red pine Pinus resinosa 22 Sugar maple Acer saccharum 22 Silver maple Acer saccharinum 17 Sycamore Platanus occidentalis 18 Sweetgum
Liguidambar styraciflua 18 Tulip poplar Liriodendron tulipifera 28 White pine Pinus strobus 31 Table 2.
and autumn-olive had the highest stem densities (87% and 5% respectively).
For example, a native tree such as the sweetgum
(Liquidambar styraciflua) commonly grows in moist woodlands in all five boroughs and ranges south to Guatemala.
(Liquidambar styraciflua) is considered a Southern species, but the tree actually grows from Connecticut west to Illinois and Missouri, and south from the East Coast to the Gulf of Mexico.
Chemistry professor Thomas Poon of Claremont McKenna College has extracted the acid from the seeds of sweetgum
trees, while Canada-based Biolyse Pharma found a source in the needles of discarded pine, fir, and spruce Christmas trees.
In "Bologna Sandwich Ceasefires," young Lad entertains himself with sweetgum
armies, creating legions of soldiers from twigs, spent bullet casings, and acorn hulls.