synaptic vesicle


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synaptic vesicle

[si¦nap·tik ′ves·ə·kəl]
(neuroscience)
A small membrane-bound structure in the axon terminals of nerve cells that contains neurotransmitters and releases them by exocytosis when an action potential reaches the terminal.
References in periodicals archive ?
2003) have addressed these issues by monitoring functional and presynaptic structural changes continuously during LTF using time-lapse confocal imaging of individual presynaptic varicosities of sensory neurons labeled with three fluorescent markers: the whole cell marker Alexa-594 and two presynaptic marker proteins--synaptophysin-eGFP, which monitors changes in the distribution of synaptic vesicles within individual varicosities, and synapto-PHluorin, a monitor of active transmitter release sites (Miesenbock et al.
saline and hypertonic saline on classes of quanta, quantal content and synaptic vesicle size distribution of Torpedo electric organ.
Many synaptic vesicle proteins, including synaptophysin, exist in multiple isoforms.
Synaptic transmission is primarily based on the regulated release of neurotransmitter from synaptic vesicles (Heine 2012).
Synapsins are a group of neuronal-specific phosphoproteins that are important regulators of synaptic vesicle trafficing in presynaptic terminals (12).
The Neuron study looked at proteins involved in one phase of the recovery process, the separating and pinching off of the membrane of the synaptic vesicle from the membrane of the neuronal cell.
Selective depletion of clear synaptic vesicles and enhanced quantal transmitter release at frog motor nerve endings produced by trachynilysin, a protein toxin isolated from stonefish (Synanceia trachynis).
2+] binding, which may result in the fusion of synaptic vesicle with the presynaptic membranes.
the mass (m) of a synaptic vesicle measuring approximately 40 nm in diameter being g 3 X [10.
Therefore, we speculate that propofol might induce probability of synaptic vesicle fusion and neurotransmitter release.
2012) Kinetics of synaptic vesicle refilling with neurotransmitter glutamate.
It was not until 2002 that the ATP-independence of synaptic vesicle release was also confirmed (Heidelberger et al.