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(sĭng'kəpā`shən, sĭn'–) [New Gr.,=cut off ], in music, the accentuation of a beat that normally would be weak according to the rhythmic division of the measure. Although the normally strong beat is not usually effaced by the process, there are occasions (e.g., the second theme in the final movement of Schumann's Piano Concerto in A Minor) when the natural rhythmic structure is entirely altered, the syncopation being so elaborate and persistent that the actual metrical structure is obliterated aurally. Occasional syncopation is present in music of all types and in all periods. It predominates, however, in African music and therefore in African-American music through which it became the principal element in ragtime (see jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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in music, the shifting of a rhythmic accent from a strong or relatively strong part of a measure to a weak part. Syncopation occurs if the note falling on the weak part of the measure continues over into the following strong part, if there is a pause in the strong part of the measure, if the note beginning in the weak part of the measure is prolonged more than the note in the previous strong part, or if the weak part of the measure is specially set apart (in musical notation, by an accent mark). In the last case, the rhythmic accent is often shifted from a strong part of the measure to the same weak part over several measures.

References in periodicals archive ?
For example, there's a fun, Casio keyboard-sounding guitar syncopation running through parts of the band's song "Happy Tappy.
Among the topics are kakva and cakva as two knives from northeast Anatolia, assigning a matrix language in Turkic language contacts, the copula in the Eastern Black Sea dialects, dialects and peoples in Orhan Kemal's Adana novels, two types of complement clauses in Turkish, sociolinguistic and ethno-linguistic aspects of Turkish texts in Georgian script, inalienability and syncopation in Turkish, converbs as depictive secondary predicates in South Siberian Turkic, two velar verb suffixes as the intimate parts of Altaic, and some examples from Inner Asian of internal contact between Turkic languages.
And no matter what terrible turn the story takes, you can rest assured a jaunty song and dance number is only a few minutes away - be it a French ballad, colourful calypso, jazz syncopation or cowboy dosey doe
Rita Honka, also UO Repertory Dance Company co-artistic director, explores the intricacies of blues syncopation with a full company work to the music of B.
He's always slyly funking up, besides adding enough fidgety syncopation content, so that the hardcore beatniks don't become too alienated.
Taking his inspiration from the American Paul Whiteman concerts of the 1920s, Fields was able to mix jazz syncopation, strings, a swing section and some of the great music of the 20th century.
They had this deep, swampy syncopation you can't get anywhere else.
As his three band mates appeared on stage anticipation turned to syncopation as they unleashed a barrage of funky beats serving as entrance music to the main man himself.
Volume 1 begins with an overview of basic musical concepts such as rhythm, melody, harmony, and syncopation, the brass family of instruments from their use in ceremonial music and marches to toe-tapping jazz, and the string family, including a nod to the legacies of Antonio Stradivari and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Reaching even further back, Brown seems to imply that ragtime syncopation may be an unconsciously hostile or sardonic comment on European-American rhythms.
While not containing the density of style and language that characterizes Cane, Banks's choice of words brings Blue Beat Syncopation on a slow, asymtotic approach to Toomer's masterpiece.
Mondrian, a septuagenarian emigre in Manhattan in the early '40s, fairly shivered with syncopation.