Arthrodesis

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arthrodesis

[är′thräd·ə·səs]
(medicine)
Fusion of a joint by removing the articular surfaces and securing bony union. Also known as operative ankylosis.

Arthrodesis

 

an operation that completely immobilizes a joint with the object of restoring an extremity’s supportive capability lost in certain diseases or injuries. Loss of supportive capacity may occur as a result of improperly knitted joint fractures, in tuberculosis, and in other acute and chronic joint inflammations. Arthrodesis consists in removing the cartilaginous surfaces (sometimes resecting the articular extremities of bones) and then fixing the joint surfaces in close contact until they knit. Knitting of the joint extremities may be accelerated by the compression method—compressing the joint ends with a special apparatus after removing the articular cartilage or after resecting the articular extremities of the bone.

V. N. GUR’EV

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