synecdoche

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synecdoche

(sĭnĕk`dəkē), figure of speech, a species of metaphormetaphor
[Gr.,=transfer], in rhetoric, a figure of speech in which one class of things is referred to as if it belonged to another class. Whereas a simile states that A is like B, a metaphor states that A is B or substitutes B for A.
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, in which a part of a person or thing is used to designate the whole—thus, "The house was built by 40 hands" for "The house was built by 20 people." See metonymymetonymy
, figure of speech in which an attribute of a thing or something closely related to it is substituted for the thing itself. Thus, "sweat" can mean "hard labor," and "Capitol Hill" represents the U.S. Congress.
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Synecdoche

 

a figure of speech and variant of metonymy by which the whole is made known by means of a part. There are two types of synecdoche. In the first, the whole is represented by a, part, which replaces the whole. For example, “Hey, beard! how can I get from here to Pliushkin’s?” (N. Gogol). Here the meanings of “man with a beard,” “bearded one” (“villein”), and “beard” are combined. In the second type of synecdoche, one grammatical number is used instead of the other: “And until dawn the Frenchman [the French] could be heard rejoicing” (M. Iu. Lermontov).

References in periodicals archive ?
And by focusing so intently on the body in parts, Ridge takes up synecdoche in ways that--in contradistinction to what Arnold Krupat, risking generalization, calls the Native American tradition of "the synecdochic self," "an 'I-am-we' experience .
As these lines and the opening and concluding poems for which they are synecdoches show, the speaker's perception of nature is key to this self-evolution.
Selective distillations of the world-as-a-whole, world's fairs and expositions both shape and are shaped by the societies that nurture them; doubling as both simulacra and synecdoches of the "real" world, world's fairs are idealized universes constructed, paradoxically but necessarily, from the stuff of contemporaneous reality.
Where the latter has tended to fasten onto physical things as synecdoches for synchronically conceived historical "moments," Lucretius understands atoms diachronically, in terms of their movement through space and time.
These hinges," then, "are not hinges / at all but images of hinges or synecdoches that / as individual hinges expend all their energy calling up / the class of hinges of which they are merely representatives" (Siah Armajani 27).
The concept of the community college, McCracken said, wasn't easy to pictorially represent -- there are no ivy halls or other easy synecdoches that represent community colleges.
Women's specific body parts, such as breasts or buttocks, became pictorial synecdoches for female sexuality.
The synecdoches of the verse encompass the twin realms of contemplation and action, at which, the poet boasts, he is equally adept.
Telugu and Andhra may be operative terms for many of the contributors to this volume, but "South India" more broadly is not, except in the sense that some of the contributors tend to duplicate by analogy the problematic tendency of many Tamil scholars to treat Tamil and Tamilnadu as synecdoches for South India.
Rather than warring faculties, flesh and spirit are synecdoches for the whole of human being: "And here is that figure of speech that uses the part for the whole to be understood; for the whole man may either be meant by the soul or by the flesh .
In this context, one can push a little further, and consider the opposed terms of "air" and "blood" more closely, as synecdoches that help us to describe more specifically the subjective predicament (the kind of double-bind), that this essay has been concerned with.
Reading The Ginkgo Light as a single poem, we might say that the stem of names, or synecdoches for past relationships, anchor and nourish the manifold leaves as they grow into the light of a radically heterogeneous world.