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(sĭnĕk`dəkē), figure of speech, a species of metaphormetaphor
[Gr.,=transfer], in rhetoric, a figure of speech in which one class of things is referred to as if it belonged to another class. Whereas a simile states that A is like B, a metaphor states that A is B or substitutes B for A.
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, in which a part of a person or thing is used to designate the whole—thus, "The house was built by 40 hands" for "The house was built by 20 people." See metonymymetonymy
, figure of speech in which an attribute of a thing or something closely related to it is substituted for the thing itself. Thus, "sweat" can mean "hard labor," and "Capitol Hill" represents the U.S. Congress.
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a figure of speech and variant of metonymy by which the whole is made known by means of a part. There are two types of synecdoche. In the first, the whole is represented by a, part, which replaces the whole. For example, “Hey, beard! how can I get from here to Pliushkin’s?” (N. Gogol). Here the meanings of “man with a beard,” “bearded one” (“villein”), and “beard” are combined. In the second type of synecdoche, one grammatical number is used instead of the other: “And until dawn the Frenchman [the French] could be heard rejoicing” (M. Iu. Lermontov).

References in periodicals archive ?
At the term's beginnings its "closeness" already marked a synecdochic relation that removed the need for scale altogether.
His specimens are textually entombed, a synecdochic representation of bodies that eluded burial.
Throughout the Inferno monacale quotations and synecdochic allusions serve both to illustrate and to authorise her text, emphasising the ways in which the Convent is like (Dante's) Hell, often occurring in the same rhythm of allusion and quotation seen in the primo libro.
It becomes a reversal of the synecdochic relationship in The Process between desert and world, whereby an object in Hanson's immediate consciousness stands in for the desert as whole and renders it legible in its totality.
Conversely, a critical incident signals a rupture with accepted paradigms through presenting an episode--or related episodes--as synecdochic of deeper troubles" (Carlson, 2008).
The surprise is that, for Zola, anti-Semites themselves prove least aware of this synecdochic annexation of the national whole by an ethnic part.
Clearly, the "I" is synecdochic, and the self expressed here is greater than one speaker's grisly morning entertainment, but the details of the poem's early lines suggest an individual with whom readers can identify and sympathize.
Or to use an argument Cherokee critic Jace Weaver has made about Native notions of society: relational word bundles are just as synecdochic as Indigenous notions of community, which centre around the individual in rather than the individual and society.
Through an analysis of power, ideology, hegemony, and whiteness as they are re-presented in The Truman Show, we can more thoroughly articulate Truman's condition as a panoptic object who is regulated and hegemonized under the watchful eyes of a Master--himself synecdochic of Authority, Reason, and Truth--and those of a voracious public.
Which is the contrary stillness of the synecdochic portrait and lock of hair, and of the small poem that these synecdochic bits of selfhood inhabit.
And then on the general himself, seemingly as a synecdochic representation of the Egyptian state: "In spite all of his overwhelming power, the general perhaps felt deep down, as he assaulted this poor girl, that he was weak, that he was miserable, and that he could not control even himself.
Such a metonymic or synecdochic image 'tends toward a kratophany, the revelation of a hidden power' .