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(sĭnĕk`dəkē), figure of speech, a species of metaphormetaphor
[Gr.,=transfer], in rhetoric, a figure of speech in which one class of things is referred to as if it belonged to another class. Whereas a simile states that A is like B, a metaphor states that A is B or substitutes B for A.
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, in which a part of a person or thing is used to designate the whole—thus, "The house was built by 40 hands" for "The house was built by 20 people." See metonymymetonymy
, figure of speech in which an attribute of a thing or something closely related to it is substituted for the thing itself. Thus, "sweat" can mean "hard labor," and "Capitol Hill" represents the U.S. Congress.
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a figure of speech and variant of metonymy by which the whole is made known by means of a part. There are two types of synecdoche. In the first, the whole is represented by a, part, which replaces the whole. For example, “Hey, beard! how can I get from here to Pliushkin’s?” (N. Gogol). Here the meanings of “man with a beard,” “bearded one” (“villein”), and “beard” are combined. In the second type of synecdoche, one grammatical number is used instead of the other: “And until dawn the Frenchman [the French] could be heard rejoicing” (M. Iu. Lermontov).

References in periodicals archive ?
The ambiguous ending acknowledges the validity of the urge for synecdochic structure and authenticity, but also admits the impossibility of defining this authenticity objectively.
Here, Ridge expresses hope for the power of narrative as a synecdochic practice.
Choosing among so many good articles proved challenging; however, Bonnie Devet's "'Opening Lines: Starting the Tutoring Session': A Synecdochic Article from the Writing Lab Canon," stood out as it identified an article that speaks as powerfully today as it did nineteen years ago when first published.
On the one hand lies the Scylla of synecdochic fallacy (these select texts prove a global thesis); on the other, the Charybdis of the critical hobbyhorse (Othello and Othellophilia are everywhere, especially where one expects them least).
the synecdochic part=whole relation, it is the dominant mode of part><whole dynamics in the Yagwoia universe.
In short, it is a synecdochic work about the consequences of loss of human connections and continuity, and about a land and culture ceding to the idea of progress at any price.
Unlike the Spaniard, Hemingway 'is a wealthy tourist able to leave whenever he wishes, his "real thing" merely a subjective translation for an American audience rather than an objective image of reality, his Spain and bullfight at best a synecdochic representation of the "real thing.
Fisherman, slave to father, finds pimp's wicker trunk and pulls it ashore with the rope (rudens) that gives the play both its title and a synecdochic metaphor of its fortuitously concatenated sequence of events.
The situation is even more acutely ironic if we take Shakespeare as not only synecdochic of Renaissance literature and culture, but of literatures and cultures of the past in general, for Shakespeare is not only a single author, but the author most singularly identified with the kind of literary history which is "the totalizing verbal counterpart to the geographic world vision of empire visible on maps" (Hutcheon 1998, 404).
Given that representations always stand at a distance from the objects they represent what we find is the synecdochic presence of domestic workers in the reminiscences of the Bengali middle-class.
s use of "Jesus," who appears throughout the book as the synecdochic canonization of liberal society.
By which I mean simply that in Christian allegorical exegesis of the Song through the ancient, medieval, and early modern periods, the expositor in all but a tiny handful of the extant texts is a male who addresses himself primarily to an audience of male peers, synecdochic stand-ins for the church in its entirety.