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The branch of semiotics that treats relations between symbols themselves, and defines valid relationships between the elements of a language.



the part of semiotics that studies the syntactic, that is, purely structural, properties of a sign system without relation to any interpretations of the signs (the subject of semantics) or possible interpreters (the subject of pragmatics). Inasmuch as there are serious grounds for characterizing semiotics not as a science, in the commonly accepted sense of the word, but as a certain approach to the description of a different type of “sign situation” and the resolution of related problems, it makes sense to speak of syntactics as a purely “formal,” structural aspect of such a semiotic approach.

An example of the syntactic characteristics of a calculus is the group of rules for generating formulas in the calculus; the rules give the criteria for distinguishing the formulas from those expressions that are composed of symbols of the alphabet of the given calculus but that are not formulas of the calculus. The syntax and morphology of the grammars of natural languages are concerned primarily with questions of syntactics in the sense discussed here. Syntactic laws are of special importance in the formalized languages of mathematical logic and mathematics. It is precisely within the bounds of logical and mathematical research that ideas, methods, and results have arisen that can be termed the subject of syntactics. The syntactic aspect of research has also been extremely fruitful when applied to natural languages—both dead languages (as in the deciphering of ancient writing) and living languages (as in machine translation). (See alsoLINGUISTIC MODELS.)


See references under calculus and semiotics.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some materials, such as thermoplastic-based syntactics, are extremely durable and can withstand direct threading.
Solid polymers and syntactic foams are most commonly used in thin-gauge applications.
ESS works closely with Hydroid to provide syntactic materials that support deeper depths and larger payloads without impacting power consumption.
Not only do we manufacture foam with the lowest density available today, our expertise in composite processing ensures that the unique characteristics of our materials are maintained throughout production - resulting in a finished geometry that provides long-term performance and reliability," says Thomas Murray managing partner at Engineered Syntactic Systems.
The enrichment of our understanding of narrative syntactics can be expected to change the figure in the semantic carpets as well: on the synchronic level, works of fiction often function as laboratories of ideas whose output changes ideological input materials.
Though its source is an External Field of Reference, its wages lie in the syntactic aspect of the text, in its refining our understanding of the deployment of ideas, motifs, and images in and among the minds of fictional characters, often in patterns whose coherence is a source of aesthetic appeal.
5, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Engineered Syntactic Systems(ESS), a global supplier of syntactic solutions, is trusted to equip Bluefin Robotics' state-of-the-art subsea vehicles.
ESS worked closely with Bluefin to engineer a buoyancy solution that would meet their design specifications, providing a syntactic material with the lowest density available for that depth, thereby the most lift.
Copolymer syntactic is a new material that offers improved toughness and durability versus standard epoxy syntactics.
Plug assists made of syntactic foam can be used in various ways with both positive and negative tooling to alleviate these issues.
Designed to meet the rigorous demands of undersea environments, ESS syntactics are a critical component for manned and unmanned exploration vehicles; AUVs, ROVs & HOVs, plus a wide array of flotation and buoyancy applications.
June 16 /PRNewswire/ -- ITW SprayCore, the leading manufacturer of high-quality syntactic materials used in the construction of fiberglass boats and other laminate structures, has just announced the move of its headquarters from Cincinnati, Ohio to Clearwater, Florida.