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Related to syntagm: syntagmatics


(LINGUISTICS) any combination of words in a ‘chain of speech’. see SYNTAGMATIC AND PARADIGMATIC.



in a broad sense, any sequence of linguistic elements linked by the relationship of dependent member to governing member. This is F. de Saussure’s concept of syntagm.

A syntagm may be a sequence of words (external syntagm) or a sequence of morphemes (internal syntagm). For example, dom-ik forms an internal syntagm in which the element dom- (“house”) is the dependent member and ik (diminutive suffix) the governing member. This syntagm corresponds to the external syntagm malen’kii dom, in which dom is dependent and malen’kii (“small”) is governing.

In a narrower sense, a syntagm is a phrase within a sentence; it may be predicative, attributive, or objective. In this same sense, the sentence is a chain of consecutive syntagms. L. V. Shcherba defined a syntagm as an articulated phonetic unit organized by intonation, expressing a single meaningful whole, and consisting of one or several rhythmic groups. A sentence may be divided into syntagms in various ways, depending on shades of meaning, logical emphasis, or syntactic homonymy. An example is vchera/bylo zharko as contrasted to vchera bylo/zharko (“yesterday/it was hot”—”yesterday it was/hot”).


Kartsevskii. S. O. Povtoritel’nyi kurs russkogo iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1928.
Saussure, F. de. Kurs obshchei lingvistiki. Moscow, 1933. (Translated from French.)
Vinogradov, V. V. Poniatie sintagmy v sintaksise russkogo iazyka. In the collection Voprosy sintaksisa sovremennogo russkogo iazyka. Moscow, 1950.
Bally, C. Obshchaia lingvistika i voprosy frantsuzskogo iazyka. Moscow, 1955. (Translated from French.)
Shcherba, L. V. Fonetika frantsuzskogo iazyka, 7th ed. Moscow, 1963.


References in periodicals archive ?
At present, in the specialized literature (Leicester, 2000; Smith, Wexler, 2005; Rudaityte, 2008), the syntagm post-postmodernism or after-postmodernism is also used as a distinguished phase that emphasizes the main traits or characteristics of postmodernism.
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The terra fare chat is understood to mean chattare (to chat) and therefore the whole phrase or syntagm is understood as a single unit of meaning.
The second--and perhaps only--definition of "naked life" occurs in the conclusion of Homo Sacer: naked, Agamben writes here, corresponds, in the syntagm "naked life" to the Greek term haplos by which ontology defined pure Being.
To be precise (and given the equation: reality = scarcity of nature + abundance of objects), in the coinage of the syntagm "Terminal Realism," the adjective "terminal" carries more weight than the noun "realism"--which could be easily replaced by "objectism" (oggettismo) or an analogous word.
Visually the correspondence is evident: both images consist of two figures involved in an interaction, constituting what Mieke Bal describes as the "elementary narrative syntagm of the fabula"; in other words, subject-action-object, or man-approaches-woman, or equally applicable, female-recoils from-male.
Therefore, fundamental here are the concepts of syntagm (the connections between actions along the discoursive or temporal chain) and of paradigm (the semantic correspondence of actions located at different points along the same chain).
Playing on the ambiguity of the syntagm "maestro di color" in Dante's verse about Aristotle,
It is represented by the prepositional syntagm in [Q.
Table headings were: denotation, syntagm, connotation, cultural knowledge/myth.
Each chapter of the novel can be likened to a syntagm of 42 elements each of which has been selected from a paradigm of ten alternatives.
At the level of the clausal syntagm, the distinction can be seen most clearly in the distinction between the domains of argument structure (representational) vs.