Synthesis Gas


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synthesis gas

[′sin·thə·səs ‚gas]
(chemical engineering)
A mixture of gases prepared as feedstock for a chemical reaction, for example, carbon monoxide and hydrogen to make hydrocarbons or organic chemicals, or hydrogen and nitrogen to make ammonia. Also known as syngas.

Synthesis Gas

 

a synthetic gas produced by the gasification of solid fuels in gas generators into which a mixture of oxygen and steam can be blown. Ideally, synthesis gas contains 66 percent CO and 34 percent H2 by volume; however, under real conditions it also contains such components as nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and methane. Synthesis gas is used in industry mainly as a raw material in chemical processing. Its high cost of production relative to other gases makes its use as a fuel economically unfeasible.

REFERENCE

Metallurgicheskoe toplivo: Spravochnik. Moscow, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gasification Technology offers a clean, efficient, environmentally beneficial method to produce synthesis gas from low or negative-value carbon- based feedstocks such as coal, petroleum coke, and high sulfur fuel oil or waste materials.
The project will culminate with the fabrication and operation of a multi-MW proof-of-concept SOFC-hybrid power plant at a suitable location, using coal-derived synthesis gas as fuel.
The Linde Pilot Reformer will be used to refine steam reforming technology for the production of synthesis gas a mixture consisting of hydrogen (H2) and carbon monoxide (CO).
In 2009, Linde Engineering's air separation, hydrogen, and synthesis gas plant product lines serving the NAFTA region were transferred to Selas Fluid Processing Corporation.
A publicly listed company, Linc Energy is the global leader in Underground Coal Gasification (UCG), which delivers a synthesis gas feedstock to supply commercially viable energy solutions -- such as electricity, transport fuels and oil production -- through gas turbine combined cycle power generation, Gas to Liquids (GTL) Fischer-Tropsch processing and Enhanced Oil Recovery.
The technology converts synthesis gas from the gasifier into methanol, which can either be sold as a value-added product or used as a source of peaking power for clean-burning integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plants.
Synthesis gas, or syngas, is gasified coal, one of the strategies being suggested for reducing the environmental damage caused by burning coal to produce electricity while continuing to use it.
Synthesis gas or syngas can be used to offset consumption of fossil fuels in conventional power and industrial facilities.
Tokyo, Japan, Jan 10, 2007 - (JCN) - Toyo Engineering Corporation and BASF announced plans to cooperate in the sales and marketing of a gas purification technology specifically designed to purify synthesis gas streams for Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plants and chemical products such as Methanol.
The hybrid power plant, when complete, will use solid oxide fuel cell technology to turn coal synthesis gas into electricity, improving the efficiency of energy conversion from coal to above 50%.
today announced the successful operation of the world's first engine generator using synthesis gas, or "syngas," as fuel.
Since biomass is a source of carbon, when it's reacted with super-heated steam in a pressure vessel, synthesis gas (syngas) is produced.