tachinid fly


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

tachinid fly

(tăk`ənĭd), common name for any of the fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of the family Tachinidae, which parasitize caterpillars, beetles, grasshoppers, and other insects. Tachinid flies are generally small (about the size of houseflies), often bristly, and sometimes brilliantly colored. There are nearly 1300 North American species. The female typically lays her white oval eggs on the skin of the host insect, though the eggs of some species are inserted in the host's body, and the eggs of others are left in the host's environment, as for example on leaves, where the host will ingest them. The larvae feed on the host tissues, causing death. Tachinid flies are widely used as a means of biological control of insect pests. Some tachinid flies are themselves parasitized by certain waspswasp,
name applied to many winged insects of the order Hymenoptera, which also includes ants and bees. Most wasps are carnivorous, feeding on insects, grubs, or spiders. They have biting mouthparts, and the females have stings with which they paralyze their prey.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (see ichneumon flyichneumon fly
, common name for a family of insects, related to the wasps, whose larvae are parasitic on many other insects. Over 3,000 species of ichneumon flies, also known as ichneumon wasps, are found throughout the United States except in the Southwest.
..... Click the link for more information.
). Tachinid flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Insecta, order Diptera, family Tachinidae.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Confounding factors include fluctuations in naturally occurring pest and parasitoid populations, difficulties employing exclusion cages to isolate infested plants for a 12-14 mo crop cycle, and gaps in our understanding of tachinid fly ecology, i.
2009) found that of 100,000 specimens belonging to 3,500 species of moth, butterfly, tachinid fly and parasitoid wasp, less than 1 % of the species could not be separated using barcoding.
Tachinid fly parasitoids may be pseuocopulatory pollinators of some, perhaps many, of the species of telipogninine orchids in the South American tropics (van der Pijl & Dodson, 1969).