tallage


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tallage

(tăl`ĭj), Fr. taille, a type of feudal tax. In its origins tallage is not clearly distinguishable from aidsaids,
in feudalism, type of feudal due paid by a vassal to his suzerain (overlord). Aids varied with time and place, although in English-speaking countries aids were traditionally due on the knighting of the lord's eldest son, on the marriage of the lord's eldest daughter, and
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 (a type of feudal due), and in Germany it never developed beyond an occasional "voluntary" gift from vassal to lord. The French taille, which became widespread and varied according to local custom, was generally a tax levied by the king or lord on his subjects or on the lands or other property they held. In the 15th cent. the taille became a royal tax from which the nobility was exempt, and other privileged groups, including the clergy and the bourgeoisie, later managed to gain exemption. Thus the main burden of the taille, which had become the most important direct tax, fell upon the peasantry and was lifted only by the French Revolution. The English tax known as tallage, introduced by the Norman kings as a partial substitute for the DanegeldDanegeld
, medieval land tax originally raised to buy off raiding Danes and later used for military expenditures. In England the tribute was first levied in 868, then in 871 by Alfred, and occasionally thereafter.
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, was levied by the kings and lords on their demesne lands (see demesnedemesne
, land under feudalism kept by the lord for his own use and occupation as distinguished from that granted to tenants. Initially the demesne lands were worked by the serfs in payment of the feudal debt.
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); under Richard I and John it became a common source of royal revenue. Included within the royal demesne were the chartered towns, which resisted the collection of tallage. London especially protested the tax, and the legality of the tallage collection in that city is a much-disputed historical problem. In 1297 a petition of Edward I prohibited tallage collection without the assent of barons, knights, and burgesses; however, this was not a statute, and the king did not cede his right to tallage. In 1312, London again resisted a tallage; in 1332 Parliament protested imposition of a tallage; and in 1340 Edward III, in return for a subsidy, made an agreement often interpreted as a promise not to collect tallage but apparently only a pledge not to violate old custom. As other means of raising money grew common, tallage disappeared in the reign of Edward III.
References in periodicals archive ?
In order to examine the extent and nature of these changes in the use of tax, we consider nine sources of revenue: the county farm, the royal forest, scutage, carucage, tallage, dona or auxilia, the tax on movables, and incidental revenue sources.
That is what selectmen will decide after hearing about the process from Bill Cowin, of Tallage Inc.
20,000, 17 Main St, Tallage IMP LLC, to Blast Tech Inc.
Autrement dit, le pays a encore besoin de pluies, surtout que le ble dans certaines regions est encore au stade du debut tallage, notamment dans la region du nord.
taxable at will under the Bristol Tallage of 1213 the crown confiscated one-third of all Jewish property.
Faute d'alternative, les agriculteurs sont en train de scruter le ciel, invoquant la benediction divine pour qu'ils puissent mener l'operation de desherbage et de fertilisation en matiere de culture des semis precoces qui sont en debut de tallage.
Cowin, principal with the Boston real estate investment firm Tallage LLC, said his company has bought hundred of liens including those from Hopedale and Worcester.
Tallage LLC, a Boston real estate investment company that bought water and sewer liens on the 9 Midland St.
For, having exhausted his own treasury, he demanded the aid of the people and imposed tallages upon them.
However, despite the constraints of early morning starts and the intellectual demands of the faculty, the students would often escape campus and visit a bar called Tallages to drink and dance.
Throughout the thirteenth century, the Jews were pressured by the various English kings to pay exorbitant taxes, known as tallages.